People of Medieval Scotland
1093 - 1371

Transaction: Foundation of St Andrews Priory

Type of Transaction
Foundation
From Source
2/10/4 (SEA, i, no. 133)
Firm date
1140
Probable date
prob. 30 Nobember 1140
Dating Notes
Dated 1144, but Professor A.A.M. Duncan has argued for 1140 as real date, on basis that scribe borrowed date from Lucius III's bull of protection for cathedral priory ('The Foundation of St Andrews Cathedral Priory, 1140', <em>SHR</em>, lxxxiv, 2005, 2-3).
Primary
yes
Dare
yes
Corroboration / sealing
yes
Notes
Books of the bishop included: a pastoral, a gradual, a missal, 'Origen', the 'Sentences of the abbot of Clairvaux', three quaternions concerning the sacraments, part of a Bible, a lectionary, 'Acts of the Apostles', a text of 'Prosper's Gospels', three books of Solomon, glosses on the 'Song of Songs', interpretations of words, a collection of Sentences, 'Exposition of Genesis' and exceptions from ecclesiastical rules.

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Role Name Name (original language) Name (translation) Floruits
Grantor Robert, bishop of St Andrews (d.1159) Robertus Robert, bishop of the Scots 1124 × 1157
Beneficiary St Andrews Cathedral Priory Ecclesiam Beati Andree apostoli church of Blessed Andrew the apostle 1140 × 1309
Beneficiary Robert, prior of St Andrews (d.1160) Robertum brother Robert 1140 × 1159
Signatory Thorald, archdeacon of Lothian (d.1163 or 1166) Thoraldus Thorald, archdeacon 1138 × 1161
named person (transaction) David I, king of Scots (d.1153) David our king, David 1118 × 1152
named person (transaction) Henry, earl of Northumberland and Huntingdon (d.1152) Henrici his son, Henry, the earl, king-designate 1124 × 1150


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Type Name Original Text Related Place
FIF Hospital of St Andrews hospitale eiusdem ville St Andrews
FIF (Fife) mills of molendinum de Kilrmuind Kilrymont
FIF Stravithie Struvithin Stravithie
FIF Cassindonald Castdovenald Cassindonald
FIF Drumcarro Drumckarach Drumcarro
FIF Ladeddie Leodochin Ladeddie
FIF Strathkinness Stradkines Strathkinness
FIF Balhucca (prob. Claremont) Balhucca Balhucca (Claremont)
FIF Rummond Rodmamand Rummond
FIF Balgove [Balgova] Balgove
FIF Kinnastare Kinastare Kinestair
FIF Kinnamone Chinenemone Kinnamone
FIF Drumsac Drumsac Drumsac
FIF Baldinnie Balemacclunechin Baldinnie
FIF Eglesnamin Eglesmamin Eglesnamin (Hallow Hill)
FIF Balone Ballothen Balone
FIF Scooniehill Sconin Scooniehill
FIF (Fife) mills of molendinum etiam de Nidin Nydie
FIF Carngour Kinninnes Carngour
FIF Pitoutie Pettultin Pitoutie
FIF Balrymonth Barrimund Balrymonth
FIF (Fife) mills of molendinum de Puthachin Peekie


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Type Name Original Text Related Place
books books libros nostros

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Type Name Original Text Related Place
FIF (Fife) offerings at altar of St Andrew De vii vero portionibus que sunt altaris Sancti Andree ipsis canonicis ii portiones burgh of St Andrews