People of Medieval Scotland
1093 - 1371

Adrian IV, pope (d.1159)

Biography
Kelly, Oxford Dictionary of Popes, 174-175: Adrian was born perhaps in 1100, as Nicholas Breakspear at Abbot's Langley, near St Albans, Hertfordshire. He left to pursue an education at Arles, France, and may have been a monk of St Albans. He became an Augustine canon and was elected prior, then abbot of St Rufus near Avignon in 1137. He was made cardinal and bishop of Albano in 1149. From 1150 to 1153, he was papal legate in Scandinavia and upon his return to Rome he was soon elected pope, on 4 December 1154. He died on 1 September 1159.
Floruits
1155 × 1157
Grantor Beneficiary relationships
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Total number of associated factoids: 58

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Date Short Summary Role Witnesses Source
unavailable Previous papal confirmation to St Andrews Priory Grantor 2/139/2 (St A. Lib., 76-81 )
unavailable Previous papal confirmations of prebends of celi De in St Andrews Grantor 2/143/141 (Theiner, no. 145)
unavailable Previous confirmation by Pope Adrian Grantor 2/131/11 (St A. Lib., 53-6)
unavailable Previous papal confirmation to St Andrews Priory Grantor 2/143/92 (St A. Lib., 98-102 )
unavailable Previous papal confirmation to Kelso Abbey Grantor 2/143/184 (Kel. Lib., no. 460 )
unavailable Previous papal confirmation to St Andrews Priory Grantor 2/134/1 (St A. Lib., 62-7)
unavailable Renewal of concession of freedom to elect prior Grantor 2/10/263 (St A. Lib., 171)
unavailable Previous papal confirmation to St Andrews Priory Grantor 2/135/2 (St A. Lib., 67-71)
unavailable Command of obedience by Pope Adrian Addressor 2/131/28 (Scotia Pontificia, no. 68)
unavailable Previous papal confirmation to St Andrews Priory Grantor 2/137/35 (St A. Lib., 71-6 )
1 Dec. 1154 Confirmation of Trondheim as the metropolis of Norway named person (transaction) 2/129/2 (Haddan and Stubbs, Councils, ii, I, 229-230)
27 Feb. 1155 Command of obedience Addressor 2/130/1 (Haddan and Stubbs, Councils, ii, I, 231-32)
17 Sept. 1155 Confirmation of possessions and privileges Grantor 2/130/2 (Scotia Pontificia, no. 35)
1156 Confirmation of possessions of Ansketill of Ryedale, knight Grantor 2/130/3 (Bates, AA 12, App., A)
9 Aug. 1156 Confirmation of possessions of St Andrews Priory Grantor 2/130/4 (St A. Lib., 51-3)
11 Aug. 1156 Concession that Bishop Robert of St Andrews need not go beyond his diocese on account of his age Grantor 2/130/5 (Scotia Pontificia, no. 38)
13 Mar., 1157 X 1159 Correspondence concerning obedience to York Addressor 2/130/8 (Scotia Pontificia, no. 40)
10 Aug. 1157 Confirmation of all grants to church of Aberdeen made by the kings of Scots Grantor 2/130/6 (Abdn. Reg., i, 5-7)
10 Aug. 1157 Bull of confirmation of Pope Adrian IV relating to the bishopric of Aberdeen Grantor 2/130/7 (Abdn. Reg., i, 84-6)
29 Oct. 1159 Correspondence concerning recent schism named person (transaction) 2/131/1 (Scotia Pontificia, no. 42)
25 Mar. 1182 Grant of a privilege of protection, and confirming possessions, rights, and immunities named person (transaction) 2/132/10 (Scotia Pontificia, no. 114)
26 Dec. 1255 X 29 Apr. 1271 Inspection of concession of freedom to elect a prior named person (transaction) 2/10/263 (St A. Lib., 171)
6 Dec. 1279 Obligation to maintain a loan of £200 from merchants etc., making Sir Simon Fraser, kt, and Andrew Fraser, his guarantors named person (transaction) 2/41/16 (Glas. Reg., no. 232)
12 Apr. 1360 Inspection of letters of Pope Adrian IV, Kings Alexander II, Alexander III, and Robert I, anent second teinds of ABD and BNF named person (transaction) 1/54/257 (RRS, vi, no. 234)


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Date Short Summary Role Source
17 Sept. 1155 Predecessor of Adrian IV, pope (d.1159) (Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 2/130/2 (Scotia Pontificia, no. 35)
17 Sept. 1155 Predecessor of Adrian IV, pope (d.1159) (Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 2/130/2 (Scotia Pontificia, no. 35)
9 Aug. 1156 Predecessor of Adrian IV, pope (d.1159) (Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 2/130/4 (St A. Lib., 51-3)
31 Dec. 1163 Predecessor of Alexander III, pope (d.1181) (Tenurial & lordship relationship) subject (relationship) 2/131/11 (St A. Lib., 53-6)
circa 1 May, 1164 X 1174 Predecessor of Alexander III, pope (d.1181) (Tenurial & lordship relationship) subject (relationship) 2/131/28 (Scotia Pontificia, no. 68)
15 Nov. 1187 Predecessor of Gregory VIII, pope (d.1187) (Tenurial & lordship relationship) subject (relationship) 2/134/1 (St A. Lib., 62-7)
9 Jan. 1188 Predecessor of Clement III, pope (d.1191) (Tenurial & lordship relationship) subject (relationship) 2/135/2 (St A. Lib., 67-71)
8 Jun. 1206 Predecessor of Innocent III, pope (d.1216) (Tenurial & lordship relationship) subject (relationship) 2/137/35 (St A. Lib., 71-6 )
4 Nov. 1216 Predecessor of Honorius III, pope (d.1227) (Tenurial & lordship relationship) subject (relationship) 2/139/2 (St A. Lib., 76-81 )
28 Jun. 1243 X 7 Dec. 1254 Predecessor of Innocent IV, pope (d.1254) (Tenurial & lordship relationship) subject (relationship) 2/143/184 (Kel. Lib., no. 460 )
19 Jun. 1248 Predecessor of Innocent IV, pope (d.1254) (Tenurial & lordship relationship) subject (relationship) 2/143/92 (St A. Lib., 98-102 )
7 Jun. 1251 Predecessors of Innocent IV, pope (d.1254) (Tenurial & lordship relationship) subject (relationship) 2/143/141 (Theiner, no. 145)