People of Medieval Scotland
1093 - 1371

Dervorguilla (Balliol) of Galloway (d.1290)

Medieval Name
Derb Forgaill
Modern Gaelic Name
Dearbhaill
Biography
Dervorguilla was the younger daughter of Alan, lord of Galloway (d.1234) from his marriage to Margaret, daughter of David, earl of Huntingdon. She married John (I) Balliol, lord of Barnard Castle, in 1233 and by the 1240s the family had inherited large shares of the Huntingdon and Galloway estates, including lands scattered throughout Ayrshire, Lauderdale, Cunninghame, the Garioch, Fife, Lothian, and, in England, estates in Lincolnshire, Northamptonshire, Cumberland, Westmorland and Middlesex. The couple had eight children, four sons (Hugh (d.1271), Alan (d.a.1271), Alexander (d.1278), John (d.1314)) and four daughters (Margaret, Cecily, Eleanor, Ada). Dervorguilla is well-known for her foundation of Sweetheart Abbey (1273) near Dumfries, and for the completion of the foundation of Balliol College (1282), begun by her husband in the 1260s. She died on 28 January 1290 at Barnard Castle in County Durham and was buried at Sweetheart with the heart of her husband. A. Beam, The Balliol Dynasty, 1210-1364 (Edinburgh, 2008); G.P. Stell, 'Dervorguilla de Balliol, lady of Galloway', ODNB, iii, 601-02; [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/49378]
Floruits
1268 × 1282
Matrix
Dervorguilla Balliol (d.1290)
PoNE
http://www.pone.ac.uk/record/person/5297/
Family connections
» Gephi Visualisation
Grantor Beneficiary relationships
» Gephi Visualisation

Total number of associated factoids: 71

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Date Short Summary Role Witnesses Source
unavailable Quitclaim of lands in Borgue (KCB) Beneficiary 1/27/5 (TNA, C 66/101, m. 9)
unavailable Gift of lands of ‘Balliol’s land’, Fothyrgyl and Ryesdale in Cunningham (AYR) Grantor 1/51/18 (Glas. Reg., no. 250)
undated Petitions of Sweetheart Abbey put to the king of England named person (transaction) 2/302/2 (CDS, ii, no. 1123)
unavailable Charter (gift) concerning half wood of Gladswood Grantor 3/72/17 (Dryb. Lib., no. 137)
unavailable Foundation charter of Sweetheart Abbey Grantor 2/302/2 (CDS, ii, no. 1123)
unavailable Foundation of Sweetheart Abbey Grantor 2/302/3 (CDS, iii, no. 69)
unavailable Quitclaim of lands in Borgue (KCB) Beneficiary 3/137/7 (CDS, ii, no. 213)
4 Aug. 1265 X 21 May 1271 Gift of half wood of Gladswood (ROX) with half the fodder Previous landholder 3/72/16 (Dryb. Lib., no. 135[*])
18 Jun. 1268 Notification of resignation of claims to patronage of church of Lauder (BWK) named person (transaction) 3/72/11 (Dryb. Lib., no. 9)
18 Jun. 1268 *Resignation of claims to patronage of church of Lauder (BWK), with protection Grantor 3/72/11 (Dryb. Lib., no. 9)
circa 18 Jun. 1268 Resignation of claims to right of patronage of church of Lauder (BWK) named person (transaction) 3/72/12 (Dryb. Lib., no. 12)
24 Oct. 1268 X 22 Jun. 1282 Quitclaim of lands in Borgue (KCB) Beneficiary Bertram of Cardoness; John of Gelston, knight; John of Swinburne, knight (d.c.1313); Matthew of Eccles, knight; Michael, son of Durand; Ralph Basset of Weldon; Robert de Meneville, knight; Simon Basset of Sapcote; Walter of Twynholm (son of William) 3/137/6 (CDS, ii, no. 212)
24 Oct. 1268 X 28 Jan. 1290 Receipt of 1000 marks in respect of £1000 in which prior and monks of Durham were bound to John Balliol Recipient 2/70/1 (DCM, Misc. Ch. 4463)
circa 27 Oct. 1268 X 28 Jan. 1290 Quitclaim of right of patronage of church of Lauder (BWK) Grantor 3/28/36 (Dryb. Lib., no. 13)
2 Apr. 1273 Gift of land of ‘Louquindelow’ (Loch Kindar alias New Abbey, KCB) and Kirkpatrick-Durham (DMF) Grantor Alexander, abbot of Tongland ; Bertram of Cardoness; Brian, abbot of Dundrennan; Cane mac Gilla Fáeláin, knight; David, marischal (13C); David, prior of St Mary’s Isle ; Duncan, prior of Whithorn (fl.1273); Godfrey, abbot of Glenluce (fl.1273); Henry, bishop of Whithorn (d.1293); John de Gransard, knight; John of Carlisle; John, abbot of Soulseat; Michael, son of Durand; Robert, marischal (mid 13C); Walter of Twynholm (son of William); William of Moffat 3/28/37 (RRS, vi, no. 235)
18 May 1277 Confirmation of donation of Dervorguilla de Balliol Sicut Clause Bertram of Cardoness; Gilbert de Umfraville, earl of Angus (d.1307); Hugh Barclay, justiciar of Lothian (13C); Patrick (III), earl of Dunbar (d.1289); Thomas Randolph (d.c.1296); Walter Murray, knight (TRA3); William Soulis, knight, justiciar of Lothian (d.1292/3) 1/8/104 (RRS, iv, no. 108)
unavailable Donation of land in Tourgill (Cunningham, AYR); land of Ryedale, Baillielands and oxgang in Largs (AYR) Grantor 1/8/104 (RRS, iv, no. 108)
Monday 21 Jun. 1282 Notification of quitclaim by Robert de Campania of lands in Borgue (KCB) named person (transaction) 1/27/5 (TNA, C 66/101, m. 9)
Monday 22 Jun. 1282 Confirmation of quitclaim of lands in Borgue (KCB) Beneficiary 3/137/7 (CDS, ii, no. 213)
5 May 1360 Inspection of charter of Dervorguilla of Galloway to Sweetheart abbey named person (transaction) John of Preston, knight (14C); Patrick of Leuchars, bishop of Brechin (d. 1383); Robert Erskine, chamberlain; Robert [Stewart] II, king of Scots (d. 1390); William Douglas, earl of Douglas and Mar (d. 1384) 1/54/258 (RRS, vi, no. 235)


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Date Short Summary Role Source
undated Chamberlain of Dervorguilla Balliol (d.1290) (Employment relationship) object (relationship) 3/375/4 (H.C. Reg., no. 153)
1238 X 1240 Daughter of Alan, lord of Galloway (d.1234) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 3/72/8 (Glas. Reg., no. 170)
1238 X 1240 Wife (uxor) of John Balliol (d.1268) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 3/72/8 (Glas. Reg., no. 170)
4 Aug. 1265 X 21 May 1271 Bride/betrothed (f.) (sponsa) of John Balliol (d.1268) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 3/72/16 (Dryb. Lib., no. 135[*])
18 Jun. 1268 Bride/betrothed (f.) (sponsa) of John Balliol (d.1268) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 3/72/11 (Dryb. Lib., no. 9)
circa 18 Jun. 1268 Bride/betrothed (f.) (sponsa) of John Balliol (d.1268) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 3/72/12 (Dryb. Lib., no. 12)
24 Oct. 1268 X 22 Jun. 1282 Father of Dervorguilla Balliol (d.1290) (Familial relationship) object (relationship) 3/137/6 (CDS, ii, no. 212)
24 Oct. 1268 X 28 Jan. 1290 Wife (uxor) of John Balliol (d.1268) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 2/70/1 (DCM, Misc. Ch. 4463)
circa 27 Oct. 1268 X 28 Jan. 1290 Husband (maritus) of Dervorguilla Balliol (d.1290) (Familial relationship) object (relationship) 3/28/36 (Dryb. Lib., no. 13)
circa 27 Oct. 1268 X 28 Jan. 1290 Father of Dervorguilla Balliol (d.1290) (Familial relationship) object (relationship) 3/28/36 (Dryb. Lib., no. 13)
circa 27 Oct. 1268 X 28 Jan. 1290 Daughter of Alan, lord of Galloway (d.1234) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 3/28/36 (Dryb. Lib., no. 13)
circa 27 Oct. 1268 X 28 Jan. 1290 Heir of Alan, lord of Galloway (d.1234) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 3/28/36 (Dryb. Lib., no. 13)
21 May 1271 Bride/betrothed (f.) (sponsa) of John Balliol (d.1268) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 3/72/17 (Dryb. Lib., no. 137)
2 Apr. 1273 Bridegroom/betrothed (m.) (sponsus) of Dervorguilla Balliol (d.1290) (Familial relationship) object (relationship) 3/28/37 (RRS, vi, no. 235)
2 Apr. 1273 Son of Dervorguilla Balliol (d.1290) (Familial relationship) object (relationship) 3/28/37 (RRS, vi, no. 235)
2 Apr. 1273 Daughter of Dervorguilla Balliol (d.1290) (Familial relationship) object (relationship) 3/28/37 (RRS, vi, no. 235)
2 Apr. 1273 Daughter of Alan, lord of Galloway (d.1234) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 3/28/37 (RRS, vi, no. 235)
2 Apr. 1273 Lord (dominus) of Dervorguilla Balliol (d.1290) (Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 3/28/37 (RRS, vi, no. 235)
2 Apr. 1273 Men of Dervorguilla Balliol (d.1290) (Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 3/28/37 (RRS, vi, no. 235)
2 Apr. 1273 Ancestor of Dervorguilla Balliol (d.1290) (Familial relationship) object (relationship) 3/28/37 (RRS, vi, no. 235)
2 Apr. 1273 Grandfather of Dervorguilla Balliol (d.1290) (Familial relationship) object (relationship) 3/28/37 (RRS, vi, no. 235)
2 Apr. 1273 Father of Dervorguilla Balliol (d.1290) (Familial relationship) object (relationship) 3/28/37 (RRS, vi, no. 235)
2 Apr. 1273 Mother of Dervorguilla Balliol (d.1290) (Familial relationship) object (relationship) 3/28/37 (RRS, vi, no. 235)
2 Apr. 1273 Lord (dominus) of Dervorguilla Balliol (d.1290) (Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 3/28/37 (RRS, vi, no. 235)
18 May 1277 Daughter of Alan, lord of Galloway (d.1234)(Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/8/104 (RRS, iv, no. 108)
18 May 1277 Heir of Alan, lord of Galloway (d.1234)(Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/8/104 (RRS, iv, no. 108)
28 Apr. 1285 Baillie of Dervorguilla Balliol (d.1290) (Employment relationship) object (relationship) 4/38/23 (Oxford Balliol Deeds, no. 601)
11 Jun. 1295 Mother of John Balliol, king of Scotland (d.1314) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/51/18 (Glas. Reg., no. 250)
1308 Son of Dervorguilla Balliol (d.1290) (Familial relationship) object (relationship) 2/302/3 (CDS, iii, no. 69)
5 May 1360 Daughter of Alan, lord of Galloway [Familial relationship] subject (relationship) 1/54/258 (RRS, vi, no. 235)


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Date Short Summary Role Source
4 Aug. 1265 X 21 May 1271 Half of Gladswood Holder (possession) 3/72/16 (Dryb. Lib., no. 135[*])
24 Oct. 1268 X 22 Jun. 1282 Lands of Robert de Campania in Borgue (KCB) Lord (possession) 3/137/6 (CDS, ii, no. 212)
24 Oct. 1268 X 22 Jun. 1282 Lands of Robert de Campania in Borgue held in ward (KCB) Holder (possession) 3/137/6 (CDS, ii, no. 212)
2 Apr. 1273 Loch Kindar (KCB) and Kirkpatrick-Durham (KCB) Holder (possession) 3/28/37 (RRS, vi, no. 235)
18 May 1277 Cunningham Holder (possession) 1/8/104 (RRS, iv, no. 108)
18 May 1277 Largs Holder (possession) 1/8/104 (RRS, iv, no. 108)
Monday 21 Jun. 1282 Lands in Borgue (KCB) Lord (possession) 1/27/5 (TNA, C 66/101, m. 9)
20 May 1325 Lands of Outon and Milmain in Farines (WIG) Holder (possession) 1/53/317 (RRS, v, no. 275)
27 Mar. 1329 Land in tenement of Longforgan (PER) Holder (possession) 1/53/420 (RRS, v, no. 371)


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Date Short Summary Role Source
1282 X 19 March 1286 Gift of six marks from ferme of Redpath (BWK) Pro salute 3/492/1 (Melr. Lib., ii, App., no. 23)