People of Medieval Scotland
1093 - 1371

Abel of Gullane, bishop of St Andrews (d.1254)

Biography
Watt and Murray, Fasti, 380, 394: Abel was archdeacon of St Andrews, occurring on 12 May 1250 and 27 June 1252. He contested the election of Robert de Stuteville to the bishopric of St Andrews and went to the papal curia where he received a provision for himself on 20 February 1254. He was consecrated by the pope on 1 March 1254. He occurs at St Andrews on 29 June 1254 and died that year, perhaps on 31 August, according to the chronicler of Lanercost, rather than Walter Bower's date of 1 December. Abel was also a clerk of Kelso, papal chaplain, and canon of Glasgow. He was the son of a priest. Abel was sent with envoys of King Alexander III to Rome during the appeal over the disputed election to the bishopric of St. Andrews after the death of David of Bernham (d.1253). Abel was consecrated bishop in Rome by Pope Innocent IV, and returned to Scotland where he met some opposition but later with the consent of the king’s council. He died in the same year. (Chron. Mel.)
Floruits
1229 × 1254
Related Place
St Andrews
Matrix
Abel of Gullane, bishop of St Andrews (d.1254) (1)
Matrix
Abel of Gullane, bishop of St Andrews (d.1254) (2)
Grantor Beneficiary relationships
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Total number of associated factoids: 92

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Date Short Summary Role Witnesses Source
unavailable Appointment of Abel as bishop of St Andrews Appointee 2/143/176 (Cal. Papal Letters, i, 296)
unavailable Indulgence of 40 days Grantor 2/19/6 (EEA 29, no. 80)
unavailable Gift of church of Pottie (PER) Beneficiary 2/143/82 (Cal. Papal Letters, i, 245)
unavailable Gift of church of Pottie (PER) Beneficiary 2/143/174 (Cal. Papal Letters, i, 298)
unavailable Agreement concerning second teinds of land of Crimond (ABD) and Edingarroch (ABD) Judge 3/485/4 (Lind. Cart., no. 57)
4 May 1235 Gift of 10 marks annually from the church of Campsie Beneficiary Chapter of Kelso 2/73/27 (Kel. Lib., no. 231)
4 May 1235 Gift of 10 marks annually from the church of Campsie Sealer Chapter of Kelso 2/73/27 (Kel. Lib., no. 231)
20 Mar. 1248 Concession to hold a benefice Beneficiary 2/143/81 (Theiner, no. 134)
16 Apr. 1248 Concession to ordain Master Abel Beneficiary 2/143/83 (Cal. Papal Letters, i, 244)
5 May 1248 Concession to administer diocese if elected bishop Beneficiary 2/143/85 (Cal. Papal Letters, i, 244)
29 May 1248 Command to make order concerning churches in diocese of St Andrews Addressee 2/143/89 (Theiner, no. 136)
8 Jul. 1249 X 26 Apr. 1253 Inspection of letter of Alexander III Inspector 2/10/242 (NLS, Adv. MS 15.1.18, no. 16)
unavailable Appointment of papal judges-delegate Appointee 2/143/140 (Inchaff. Chrs., App., no. 3)
20 Feb. 1254 Command to receive and obey Master Abel as bishop of St Andrews named person (transaction) 2/143/172 (Theiner, no. 162)
18 Mar. 1254 Command to receive Abel as bishop of St Andrews named person (transaction) 2/143/175 (Theiner, no. 164)
19 Mar. 1254 Command to obey Abel as bishop of St Andrews named person (transaction) 2/143/176 (Cal. Papal Letters, i, 296)
20 Mar. 1254 Command to make provision of benefice in Scotland Addressee 2/143/177 (Cal. Papal Letters, i, 303)
21 Mar. 1254 Concession not to be compelled to provide benefices Beneficiary 2/143/178 (NLS, Adv. MS 15.1.19, no. 22)
23 Mar. 1254 Concession to grant dispensation to hold benefices Beneficiary 2/143/179 (Cal. Papal Letters, i, 298)
23 Mar. 1254 Concession that bishop of St Andrews not be summoned more than two days distance from his church Beneficiary 2/143/180 (Cal. Papal Letters, i, 298)
23 Mar. 1254 Concession to make disposition of goods Beneficiary 2/143/181 (Cal. Papal Letters, i, 298)
2/Jun/1254 Indulgence of 40 days Grantor 2/19/5 (EEA 29, no. 74)
2 Jun. 1254 Indulgence of 40 days Grantor 2/10/243 (Durh. Rites, App. 6, no. 11)
1 Jul. 1255 Command to accept the bishopric of St Andrews; dispensation for illegitimacy named person (transaction) 2/144/12 (Theiner, no. 176)
1 Jul. 1255 Command to consecrate Gamelin as bishop of St Andrews named person (transaction) 2/144/13 (Theiner, no. 176)


Listing items 1 to 50, page 1 of 2


Date Short Summary Source
15 Jan. 1229 Master 4/32/63 (Glas. Reg., no. 147)
1232 X 1238 Master 2/41/11 (Melr. Lib., no. 143)
4 May 1235 Master 2/73/27 (Kel. Lib., no. 231)
4 May 1235 Master 2/7/62 (Kel. Lib., no. 418)
4 May 1235 clerk 2/73/27 (Kel. Lib., no. 231)
25 Mar. 1237 X 24 Mar. 1238 Master 4/8/22 (Melr. Lib., no. 274)
25 Mar. 1237 X 24 Mar. 1238 canon of Glasgow 4/8/22 (Melr. Lib., no. 274)
20 Mar. 1248 Master 2/143/81 (Theiner, no. 134)
20 Mar. 1248 clerk (king's) 2/143/81 (Theiner, no. 134)
20 Mar. 1248 canon of Glasgow 2/143/81 (Theiner, no. 134)
11 Apr. 1248 Master 2/143/82 (Cal. Papal Letters, i, 245)
11 Apr. 1248 canon of Glasgow 2/143/82 (Cal. Papal Letters, i, 245)
16 Apr. 1248 Master 2/143/83 (Cal. Papal Letters, i, 244)
16 Apr. 1248 chaplain (papal) 2/143/83 (Cal. Papal Letters, i, 244)
16 Apr. 1248 canon of Glasgow 2/143/83 (Cal. Papal Letters, i, 244)
5 May 1248 Master 2/143/85 (Cal. Papal Letters, i, 244)
5 May 1248 chaplain (papal) 2/143/85 (Cal. Papal Letters, i, 244)
5 May 1248 canon of Glasgow 2/143/85 (Cal. Papal Letters, i, 244)
29 May 1248 Master 2/143/89 (Theiner, no. 136)
29 May 1248 chaplain (papal) 2/143/89 (Theiner, no. 136)
29 May 1248 canon of Glasgow 2/143/89 (Theiner, no. 136)
8 Jul. 1249 X 26 Apr. 1253 Master 2/10/242 (NLS, Adv. MS 15.1.18, no. 16)
8 Jul. 1249 X 26 Apr. 1253 chaplain (papal) 2/10/242 (NLS, Adv. MS 15.1.18, no. 16)
8 Jul. 1249 X 26 Apr. 1253 archdeacon of St Andrews 2/10/242 (NLS, Adv. MS 15.1.18, no. 16)
7 Apr. 1251 Master 2/143/140 (Inchaff. Chrs., App., no. 3)
7 Apr. 1251 chaplain (papal) 2/143/140 (Inchaff. Chrs., App., no. 3)
7 Apr. 1251 archdeacon of St Andrews 2/143/140 (Inchaff. Chrs., App., no. 3)
Thursday 27 Jun. 1252 archdeacon of St Andrews 3/485/4 (Lind. Cart., no. 57)
Thursday 27 Jun. 1252 judge-delegate 3/485/4 (Lind. Cart., no. 57)
Thursday 27 Jun. 1252 Master 3/485/4 (Lind. Cart., no. 57)
20 Feb. 1254 Master 2/143/172 (Theiner, no. 162)
20 Feb. 1254 bishop-elect 2/143/172 (Theiner, no. 162)
20 Feb. 1254 archdeacon of St Andrews 2/143/172 (Theiner, no. 162)
20 Feb. 1254 chaplain (papal) 2/143/172 (Theiner, no. 162)
18 Mar. 1254 archdeacon 2/143/175 (Theiner, no. 164)
18 Mar. 1254 bishop of St Andrews 2/143/175 (Theiner, no. 164)
18 Mar. 1254 Master 2/143/175 (Theiner, no. 164)
18 Mar. 1254 chaplain (papal) 2/143/175 (Theiner, no. 164)
19 Mar. 1254 archdeacon of Dunkeld 2/143/176 (Cal. Papal Letters, i, 296)
19 Mar. 1254 Master 2/143/176 (Cal. Papal Letters, i, 296)
20 Mar. 1254 bishop of St Andrews 2/143/177 (Cal. Papal Letters, i, 303)
21 Mar. 1254 bishop of St Andrews 2/143/178 (NLS, Adv. MS 15.1.19, no. 22)
23 Mar. 1254 bishop of St Andrews 2/143/179 (Cal. Papal Letters, i, 298)
23 Mar. 1254 bishop of St Andrews 2/143/180 (Cal. Papal Letters, i, 298)
2 Jun. 1254 bishop of St Andrews 2/10/243 (Durh. Rites, App. 6, no. 11)
Oct. 1254 Dominus (Lord/Sir) 4/20/39 (Dunf. Reg., nos. 201, 309)
Oct. 1254 bishop of St Andrews 4/20/39 (Dunf. Reg., nos. 201, 309)
6 Mar. 1255 bishop of St Andrews 2/19/6 (EEA 29, no. 80)
6 Mar. 1255 Dominus (Lord/Sir) 2/19/6 (EEA 29, no. 80)
6 Apr. 1255 bishop of St Andrews 2/19/5 (EEA 29, no. 74)


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Date Short Summary Role Source
20 Mar. 1248 Church of Smailholm (ROX) Holder (possession) 2/143/81 (Theiner, no. 134)