People of Medieval Scotland
1093 - 1371

Malcolm III, king of Scots (d.1093)

Medieval Name
Máel Coluim
Modern Gaelic Name
Maol Caluim
Biography
Malcolm (Mael Coluim) (Ceann Mór) was the eldest son of Duncan I, king of Scots (d. 1040), and his wife, perhaps a cousin of Siward, earl of Northumbria (d. 1055). After his father was killed by Macbeth in 1040, Mael Coluim was in exile at the court of Edward the Confessor, king of England. He was given a small estate in Northamptonshire. After defeating Macbeth in July 1054, he took possession of Scotland south of the Tay and on 15 August 1057, he killed Macbeth at Lumphanan (ABD) and later killed Macbeth's stepson, Lulach (d. 1058), near Rhynie in Strathbogie. Around 1060 he married his first wife, Ingibjord (d. c. 1067), probable daughter of Thorfinn, earl of Orkney, son of Sigurd, with whom he had three sons, Duncan II (d. 1094), Donald and Malcolm. His second wife was Margaret (d. 1093), daughter of Edward Ætheling (d. 1057), sister of Edgar Ætheling, and great-niece of Edward the Confessor, whom he married in either 1069 or 1070. Malcolm and Margaret had the following children: Edward (d. 1093), Edmund, Edgar (d. 1107), Alexander I (d. 1124) and David I (d. 1153), and two daughters, one of whom, Matilda (Maud or Edith), married Henry I of England. Mael Coluim III was killed on 13 November 1093 near Alnwick by Archil Morel of Bamburgh, along with his son, Edward, who was also killed. Malcolm was buried at Tynemouth Priory. He was succeeded for a time by his brother, Donald III, though his eldest son from his first marriage, Duncan, later seized the throne. Duncan, however, was driven out by Donald and Edmund, son of Malcolm III, and was killed in 1094. http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/17859
Related Place
SCOTLAND
Family connections
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Grantor Beneficiary relationships
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Total number of associated factoids: 93

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Date Short Summary Role Witnesses Source
unavailable Gift of the shire of Kirkaldy Grantor 1/4/21 (Chrs. David I, no. 44)
unavailable Gift of unfree men to Dunfermline Abbey Grantor 1/7/138 (RRS, iii, no. 135)
unavailable Request for help in endowing Reading Abbey (England) Addressee 2/87/3 (Duncan, May Docs., no. 57)
unavailable Gift of May Priory and manor of Pittenweem (FIF) Grantor 2/87/3 (Duncan, May Docs., no. 57)
unavailable Gift of serfs Grantor 1/4/92 (Chrs. David I, no. 172)
unavailable Gift of isle of May and manor of Pittenweem (FIF) Grantor 1/27/0 (Duncan, May Docs., no. 58)
unavailable Gift of Broomhill (FIF), Urquhart (FIF), Pitcorthie (FIF), Pitbauchlie (FIF), 'Lauer' (?FIF), Bogie (FIF), the shire of Kirkcaldy (FIF), and Inveresk 'minor' (MLO) Grantor 1/5/12 (RRS, i, no. 118)
unavailable Gifts of King Malcolm III and Queen Margaret Grantor 1/6/25 (RRS, ii, no. 30)
unavailable Gift of the whole parish of Fothrif Grantor 1/5/12 (RRS, i, no. 118)
unavailable Gift of King Malcolm III and Queen Margaret Grantor 1/8/98 (RRS, iv, no. 102)
unavailable Gift of unfree men to Dunfermline Grantor 1/4/5 (Chrs. David I, no. 20)
unavailable Gift of Auchmuir (FIF) Grantor 3/1/1 (St A. Lib., 115-16)
unavailable Gifts of King Malcolm III and Queen Margaret of lands in Fife Grantor 1/4/11 (Chrs. David I, no. 33)
unavailable Gifts of King Malcolm III and Queen Margaret Grantor 1/7/138 (RRS, iii, no. 135)
unavailable Gifts of Malcolm III and Margaret Grantor 1/4/92 (Chrs. David I, no. 172)
1095 X 8 Jan. 1107 Gift of mansio of Coldingham with further mansiones in Berwickshire named person (transaction) 1/2/3 (ND, App., no. 2)
29 Aug. 1095 Gift of several mansiones in Berwickshire named person (transaction) Aelfwald, son of Makod; Aiulf, brother of Aelfwald son of Makod; Ansketill, reeve of Norham; Geoffrey de Aldrie; Gilbert (late 11C); Ilger de Cornforth; John de Amundeville; Lorrainer the Racho; Turgot, bishop of St Andrews (d.1115); Walter de Valognes (11C); Wilfrid (late 11C); William, bishop of Durham (d.1096); William, son of Aelfwald 1/2/1 (Duncan, SHR 78, 16, 22-23)
29 Aug. 1095 X Oct. 1095 Confirmation of donations made by King Edgar Sicut Clause Robert, son of Haimo; William Giffard, bishop of Winchester (d.1129) 1/20/1 (ESC, no. 16)
1113 X 1118 Request for confirmation of a donation named person (transaction) 3/359/2 (ESC, no. 33)
9 Dec., 1139 X 1140 Command to establish land to Westminster Abbey for certain payment named person (transaction) 2/125/3 (RRS, i, App., no. 319)
29 Apr. 1182 Grant of protection and confirmation of properties, rights and liberties named person (transaction) 2/132/13 (Dunf. Reg., no. 238)
11 Oct. 1184 Grant of Papal protection and confirmation of properties, rights and liberties named person (transaction) 2/132/19 (Dunf. Reg., no. 239)
8 Oct. 1234 Grant of papal protection and confirmation of land, possessions, and privileges named person (transaction) 2/140/61 (Dunf. Reg., no. 272)


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Date Short Summary Role Source
13 Nov. 1093 X 12 Nov. 1094 Son of Malcolm III, king of Scots (d.1093)(Familial relationship) object (relationship) 1/1/1 (Duncan, SHR 37, 119)
13 Nov. 1093 X 12 Nov. 1094 Father of Duncan II, king of Scots (d.1094)(Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/1/1 (Duncan, SHR 37, 119)
13 Nov. 1093 X 8 Jan. 1107 Son of Malcolm III, king of Scots (d.1093)(Familial relationship) object (relationship) 3/1/1 (St A. Lib., 115-16)
1095 X 8 Jan. 1107 Father of Edgar, king of Scots (d.1107)(Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/2/6 (ND, App., no. 6)
1095 X 8 Jan. 1107 Father of Edgar, king of Scots (d.1107)(Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/2/2 (ND, App., no. 3)
1095 X 8 Jan. 1107 Father of Edgar, king of Scots (d.1107)(Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/2/3 (ND, App., no. 2)
29 Aug. 1095 Son of Malcolm III, king of Scots (d.1093)(Familial relationship) object (relationship) 1/2/1 (Duncan, SHR 78, 16, 22-23)
29 Aug. 1095 Father of Edgar, king of Scots (d.1107)(Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/2/1 (Duncan, SHR 78, 16, 22-23)
29 Aug. 1095 X Oct. 1095 Son of Malcolm III, king of Scots (d.1093)(Familial relationship) object (relationship) 1/20/1 (ESC, no. 16)
1097 X 8 Jan. 1107 Son of Malcolm III, king of Scots (d.1093)(Familial relationship) object (relationship) 1/2/7 (St A. Lib., 115)
1113 X 1118 Father of David I, king of Scots (d.1153) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 3/359/2 (ESC, no. 33)
1114 X Jul. 1122 Son of Malcolm III, king of Scots (d.1093)(Familial relationship) object (relationship) 1/3/4 (Scone Lib., no. 1)
23 Apr. 1124 X 1136 Father of David I, king of Scots (d.1153) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/4/5 (Chrs. David I, no. 20)
23 Apr. 1124 X 22 Aug. 1138 Son of Malcolm III, king of Scots (d.1093) (Familial relationship) object (relationship) 3/15/2 (ND, App., no. 111)
23 Apr. 1124 X 22 Aug. 1138 Son of Malcolm III, king of Scots (d.1093) (Familial relationship) object (relationship) 3/15/2 (ND, App., no. 111)
23 Apr. 1126 X 24 Mar. 1127 Father of David I, king of Scots (d.1153) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/4/10 (Chrs. David I, nos 31, 32)
17 Jul. 1127 X 1131 Father of David I, king of Scots (d.1153) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/4/11 (Chrs. David I, no. 33)
1128 X 1136 Father of David I, king of Scots (d.1153) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/4/21 (Chrs. David I, no. 44)
Feb. 1136 X 1141 Ancestor of Henry, earl of Northumberland and Huntingdon (d.1152)(Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 3/3/1 (Chrs. David I, no. 65)
9 Dec., 1139 X 1140 Father of David I, king of Scots (d.1153) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 2/125/3 (RRS, i, App., no. 319)
1150 X 12 Jun. 1152 Father of David I, king of Scots (d.1153) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/4/92 (Chrs. David I, no. 172)
19 Dec., 1154 X 1159 Great-grandfather of Malcolm IV, king of Scots (d.1165)(Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/5/12 (RRS, i, no. 118)
19 Dec., 1154 X 1159 Wife (uxor) of Malcolm III king of Scots (d. 1093)(Familial relationship) object (relationship) 1/5/12 (RRS, i, no. 118)
1164 X 9 Dec. 1165 Son of Malcolm III, king of Scots (d.1093) (Familial relationship) object (relationship) 3/15/9 (ND, App., no. 113)
1164 X 9 Dec. 1165 Son of Malcolm III, king of Scots (d.1093) (Familial relationship) object (relationship) 3/15/9 (ND, App., no. 113)
1164 X 9 Dec. 1165 Son of Malcolm III, king of Scots (d.1093) (Familial relationship) object (relationship) 3/15/9 (ND, App., no. 113)
24 Dec. 1165 X 23 Sept. 1168 Ancestor of William I, king of Scots (d.1214)(Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/6/25 (RRS, ii, no. 30)
1166 X 9 Dec. 1166 Son of Malcolm III, king of Scots (d.1093) (Familial relationship) object (relationship) 3/15/13 (ND, App., no. 114)
1166 X 9 Dec. 1166 Son of Malcolm III, king of Scots (d.1093) (Familial relationship) object (relationship) 3/15/13 (ND, App., no. 114)
1166 X 9 Dec. 1166 Son of Malcolm III, king of Scots (d.1093) (Familial relationship) object (relationship) 3/15/13 (ND, App., no. 114)
1189 X 1198 Son of Malcolm III, king of Scots (d.1093) (Familial relationship) object (relationship) 3/15/20 (ND, App., no. 116)
1189 X 1198 Son of Malcolm III, king of Scots (d.1093) (Familial relationship) object (relationship) 3/15/20 (ND, App., no. 116)
1189 X 1198 Son of Malcolm III, king of Scots (d.1093) (Familial relationship) object (relationship) 3/15/20 (ND, App., no. 116)
Sept. 1227 Great-great grandfather (abavus) of Alexander II, king of Scots (d.1249)(Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/7/138 (RRS, iii, no. 135)
Sept. 1227 Queen (i.e. consort/wife) of Malcolm III, king of Scots (d.1093)(Familial relationship) object (relationship) 1/7/138 (RRS, iii, no. 135)
Sept. 1227 Predecessor of Alexander II, king of Scots (d.1249)(Tenurial & lordship relationship) subject (relationship) 1/7/138 (RRS, iii, no. 135)
31 Dec. 1232 X 13 Dec. 1248 Son of Malcolm III, king of Scots (d.1093) (Familial relationship) object (relationship) 3/15/67 (ND, App., no. 135)
31 Dec. 1232 X 13 Dec. 1248 Son of Malcolm III, king of Scots (d.1093) (Familial relationship) object (relationship) 3/15/67 (ND, App., no. 135)
31 Dec. 1232 X 13 Dec. 1248 Son of Malcolm III, king of Scots (d.1093) (Familial relationship) object (relationship) 3/15/67 (ND, App., no. 135)
10 Mar. 1277 Great-great-great grandfather (atavus) of Alexander III, king of Scotland (d.1286)(Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/8/98 (RRS, iv, no. 102)
10 Mar. 1277 Queen (i.e. consort/wife) of Malcolm III, king of Scots (d.1093)(Familial relationship) object (relationship) 1/8/98 (RRS, iv, no. 102)
10 Jul. 1296 X circa 20 Aug. 1297 Daughter of Malcolm III, king of Scots (d.1093) and Margaret, queen of Scots (d.1093) (Familial relationship) object (relationship) 2/87/3 (Duncan, May Docs., no. 57)


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Date Short Summary Source
13 Nov. 1093 X 12 Nov. 1094 king 1/1/1 (Duncan, SHR 37, 119)
13 Nov. 1093 X 8 Jan. 1107 king of Scots 3/1/1 (St A. Lib., 115-16)
29 Aug. 1095 X Oct. 1095 king of Scots 1/20/1 (ESC, no. 16)
1114 X Jul. 1122 king 1/3/4 (Scone Lib., no. 1)
23 Apr. 1124 X 22 Aug. 1138 king 3/15/2 (ND, App., no. 111)
Feb. 1136 X 1141 king 3/3/1 (Chrs. David I, no. 65)
19 Dec., 1154 X 1159 king 1/5/12 (RRS, i, no. 118)
1164 X 9 Dec. 1165 king 3/15/9 (ND, App., no. 113)
24 Dec. 1165 X 23 Sept. 1168 king 1/6/25 (RRS, ii, no. 30)
1166 X 9 Dec. 1166 king 3/15/13 (ND, App., no. 114)
29 Apr. 1182 king of Scots 2/132/13 (Dunf. Reg., no. 238)
11 Oct. 1184 king of Scots 2/132/19 (Dunf. Reg., no. 239)
1189 X 1198 king 3/15/20 (ND, App., no. 116)
Sept. 1227 king 1/7/138 (RRS, iii, no. 135)
31 Dec. 1232 X 13 Dec. 1248 king 3/15/67 (ND, App., no. 135)
8 Oct. 1234 king of Scots 2/140/61 (Dunf. Reg., no. 272)
10 Mar. 1277 king 1/8/98 (RRS, iv, no. 102)
10 Jul. 1296 X circa 20 Aug. 1297 king of Scots 2/87/3 (Duncan, May Docs., no. 57)
2 Sept. 1306 king of Scots 1/27/0 (Duncan, May Docs., no. 58)


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Date Short Summary Role Source
1095 X 8 Jan. 1107 Customs held in mansiones of Berwickshire Holder (possession) 1/2/3 (ND, App., no. 2)
29 Aug. 1095 Customs held by King Malcolm III in mansiones Holder (possession) 1/2/1 (Duncan, SHR 78, 16, 22-23)