People of Medieval Scotland
1093 - 1371

Margaret, queen of Scots (d.1093)

Biography
Margaret was the eldest child of Edward Ætheling (d. 1057), son of Edmund Ironside (d. 1016), and his wife, Agatha, a kinswoman of Emperor Heinrich II (d. 1024). Her brother was Edgar Ætheling and she had a sister, Christina. The family fled to the Scottish court in 1068 and in either 1069 or 1070, Margaret was married to Malcolm III, king of Scots, at Dunfermline. With Malcolm she had the following children: Edward (d. 1093), Edmund, Edgar (d. 1107), Alexander (d. 1124), David (d. 1153), Matilda (d. 1118), who married Henry I of England. Margaret converted Holy Trinity Church of Dunfermline into a Benedictine Priory, which was later converted to an abbey by her son, David. She died at Edinburgh Castle on 16 November 1093, three days after her husband, Malcolm, and eldest son, Edward, had been killed near Alnwick. She was buried at the high altar in Dunfermline Priory. In 1250 she was canonised by the papacy. Her body and that of Malcolm were transferred by Philip II of Spain to a chapel in the Escorial at Madrid during the reformation. http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/18044/
Floruits
1230 × 1240
Related Place
SCOTLAND
Family connections
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Grantor Beneficiary relationships
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Total number of associated factoids: 55

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Date Short Summary Role Witnesses Source
unavailable Gift of the shire of Kirkaldy Grantor 1/4/21 (Chrs. David I, no. 44)
unavailable Gift of serfs Grantor 1/4/92 (Chrs. David I, no. 172)
unavailable Gifts of King Malcolm III and Queen Margaret Grantor 1/6/25 (RRS, ii, no. 30)
unavailable Gift of unfree men to the church of Dunfermline Grantor 1/4/5 (Chrs. David I, no. 20)
unavailable Gift of King Malcolm III and Queen Margaret Grantor 1/8/98 (RRS, iv, no. 102)
unavailable Gift of Broomhill (FIF), Urquhart (FIF), Pitcorthie (FIF), Pitbauchlie (FIF), 'Lauer' (?FIF), Bogie (FIF), the shire of Kirkcaldy (FIF), and Inveresk 'minor' (MLO) Grantor 1/5/12 (RRS, i, no. 118)
unavailable Gift of Auchmuir (FIF) Grantor 3/1/1 (St A. Lib., 115-16)
unavailable Gift of the whole parish of Fothrif Grantor 1/5/12 (RRS, i, no. 118)
unavailable Gifts of King Malcolm III and Queen Margaret Grantor 1/7/138 (RRS, iii, no. 135)
unavailable Gifts of King Malcolm III and Queen Margaret of lands in Fife Grantor 1/4/11 (Chrs. David I, no. 33)
unavailable Gifts of Malcolm III and Margaret Grantor 1/4/92 (Chrs. David I, no. 172)
1113 X 1118 Request for confirmation of a donation named person (transaction) 3/359/2 (ESC, no. 33)
9 Dec., 1139 X 1140 Command to establish land to Westminster Abbey for certain payment named person (transaction) 2/125/3 (RRS, i, App., no. 319)
28 Mar. 1165 X 30 Apr. 1182 Gift of church of Inverkeithing (FIF) named person (transaction) Alan Ascer, master; Alexander, son of Cospatric; Alexander, son of William, sheriff of Stirling; Duncan (II), earl of Fife (d.1204); Elias of Dundas (son of Uhtred); Geoffrey, son of Sunnolf ; Hugh Gifford, lord of Yester; John of Craigie; Robert Avenel, son of Robert Avenel, clerk, persona; Robert, chaplain (12C); Roger de Heselton ; Sunnolf (father of Geoffrey); William, persona of Dalmeny ; William, son of Thor, sheriff of Stirling 3/299/2 (Dunf. Reg., no. 165)
circa 1230 X circa 1240 Gift of six acres of land in villa of Cramond (MLO) Beneficiary Adam, serviens of abbot of Dunfermline; Alan, serviens of abbot of Dunfermline; Alexander of Edinburgh, master, clerk of Bishop David; Astin, serviens; Constantine of Lochore (brother of Philip?); Constantine of Lochore (II), son of Philip; John of Balbirnie; Michael, son of Walter ; Patrick of Dunfermline; Simon of Fod ; Waltheof of Strachan; William Dod, burgess of Inverkeithing; William, son of James 3/180/2 (Dunf. Reg., no. 202)
circa 1230 X 1240 Quitclaim of Beath Fleming (FIF) Beneficiary Alan of Perth, master; Cuthbert (FIF, 13C); John of Fod; John of Lundin (son of Walter); Robert Maunduet; Thomas Fleming of Seton ; Walter of Logie (mid 13C); William of Pitliver 3/532/2 (Dunf. Reg., no. 178)
27 Jul. 1245 Command to examine life of Margaret, queen of Scotland for miracles named person (transaction) 2/143/25 (Dunf. Reg., no. 281)
16 Sept. 1249 Concession that letters of testimonies be granted to abbot of Dunfermline named person (transaction) 2/143/123 (Dunf. Reg., no. 290)
Monday 12 Dec. 1300 Renewal of vicarage of church of Dunfermline (FIF) named person (transaction) 2/10/300 (Dunf. Reg., no. 121)
1314 X 7 Jun. 1329 Gift of Ferryfield (FIF) Beneficiary 1/53/438 (RRS, v, no. 407)
8 Jul. 1321 Gift of new great custom of Dunfermline's lands, and their cocket seal named person (transaction) 1/53/214 (RRS, v, no. 188)
15 Apr. 1345 Command not to interfere with liberties of Dunfermline abbey named person (transaction) 1/54/95 (RRS, vi, no. 90)
24 Oct. 1363 Gift of port at grange of Gellet or West Rosyth (FIF) Beneficiary Archibald Douglas, lord of Galloway, earl of Douglas (d. 1400); John Herries, knight; Patrick of Leuchars, bishop of Brechin (d. 1383); Robert Erskine, chamberlain; Robert [Stewart] II, king of Scots (d. 1390); William Douglas, earl of Douglas (d. 1384); William Landellis, bishop of St Andrews (d. 1385) 1/54/398 (RRS, vi, no. 311)


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Date Short Summary Role Source
1095 X 8 Jan. 1107 Mother of Edgar, king of Scots (d.1107)(Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/2/2 (ND, App., no. 3)
1095 X 8 Jan. 1107 Mother of Edgar, king of Scots (d.1107)(Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/2/3 (ND, App., no. 2)
1095 X 8 Jan. 1107 Mother of Edgar, king of Scots (d.1107)(Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/2/6 (ND, App., no. 6)
29 Aug. 1095 Mother of Edgar, king of Scots (d.1107)(Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/2/1 (Duncan, SHR 78, 16, 22-23)
1113 X 1118 Mother of David I, king of Scots (d.1153) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 3/359/2 (ESC, no. 33)
1114 X Jul. 1122 Son of Margaret, queen of Scots (d.1093)(Familial relationship) object (relationship) 1/3/4 (Scone Lib., no. 1)
23 Apr. 1124 X 1136 Mother of David I, king of Scots (d.1153) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/4/5 (Chrs. David I, no. 20)
23 Apr. 1126 X 24 Mar. 1127 Mother of David I, king of Scots (d.1153) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/4/10 (Chrs. David I, nos 31, 32)
17 Jul. 1127 X 1131 Mother of David I, king of Scots (d.1153) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/4/11 (Chrs. David I, no. 33)
1128 X 1136 Mother of David I, king of Scots (d.1153) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/4/21 (Chrs. David I, no. 44)
Feb. 1136 X 1141 Ancestor of Henry, earl of Northumberland and Huntingdon (d.1152)(Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 3/3/1 (Chrs. David I, no. 65)
9 Dec., 1139 X 1140 Mother of David I, king of Scots (d.1153) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 2/125/3 (RRS, i, App., no. 319)
1150 X 12 Jun. 1152 Mother of David I, king of Scots (d.1153) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/4/92 (Chrs. David I, no. 172)
19 Dec., 1154 X 1159 Wife (uxor) of Malcolm III king of Scots (d. 1093)(Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/5/12 (RRS, i, no. 118)
24 Dec. 1165 X 23 Sept. 1168 Ancestor of William I, king of Scots (d.1214)(Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/6/25 (RRS, ii, no. 30)
Sept. 1227 Queen (i.e. consort/wife) of Malcolm III, king of Scots (d.1093)(Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/7/138 (RRS, iii, no. 135)
Sept. 1227 Predecessor of Alexander II, king of Scots (d.1249)(Tenurial & lordship relationship) subject (relationship) 1/7/138 (RRS, iii, no. 135)
10 Mar. 1277 Queen (i.e. consort/wife) of Malcolm III, king of Scots (d.1093)(Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/8/98 (RRS, iv, no. 102)
10 Jul. 1296 X circa 20 Aug. 1297 Daughter of Malcolm III, king of Scots (d.1093) and Margaret, queen of Scots (d.1093) (Familial relationship) object (relationship) 2/87/3 (Duncan, May Docs., no. 57)


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Date Short Summary Source
1114 X Jul. 1122 queen 1/3/4 (Scone Lib., no. 1)
Feb. 1136 X 1141 queen 3/3/1 (Chrs. David I, no. 65)
19 Dec., 1154 X 1159 queen 1/5/12 (RRS, i, no. 118)
28 Mar. 1165 X 30 Apr. 1182 queen 3/299/2 (Dunf. Reg., no. 165)
24 Dec. 1165 X 23 Sept. 1168 queen 1/6/25 (RRS, ii, no. 30)
Sept. 1227 queen 1/7/138 (RRS, iii, no. 135)
27 Jul. 1245 queen of Scots 2/143/25 (Dunf. Reg., no. 281)
13 Aug. 1246 queen of Scots 2/143/58 (Dunf. Reg., no. 285)
16 Sept. 1249 queen of Scots 2/143/123 (Dunf. Reg., no. 290)
Monday 12 Dec. 1300 queen 2/10/300 (Dunf. Reg., no. 121)
8 Jul. 1321 queen of Scots/ Scotland 1/53/214 (RRS, v, no. 188)


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Date Short Summary Role Source
unavailable Gift of the church of Ednam Pro anima 3/359/2 (ESC, no. 33)
February 1136 X 1141 Gift of Swinton (BWK) Pro salute anime 3/3/1 (Chrs. David I, no. 65)