People of Medieval Scotland
1093 - 1371

Edgar, king of Scots (d.1107)

Biography
Edgar was probably the fourth son of Malcolm III (d. 1093) and his second wife, Margaret (d. 1093). He was the brother of Edward (d. 1093), Edmund, Alexander (d. 1124), David (d. 1153), Matilda, queen of Henry I, and Mary, who married Eustace, count of Boulogne. He had probably fled to England after the death of his parents and the succession of his uncle, Donald III. After Donald's restoration in 1094, Edgar probably fled again to England. In 1097, with the help of his maternal uncle, Edgar Ætheling, Donald was defeated in battle and Edgar established as king. Edgar died at Edinburgh in 1107, either on 8 or 15 January and was buried in Dunfermline Abbey. He was succeeded by his brother, Alexander. A.A.M. Duncan, 'Edgar', ODNB, xvii, 703-4; [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/8464]
Floruits
1095 × 1097
Related Place
SCOTLAND
Matrix
Edgar, king of Scots (great seal)
Matrix
Edgar, king of Scots (great seal) (2)
Family connections
» Gephi Visualisation
Grantor Beneficiary relationships
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Total number of associated factoids: 140

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Date Short Summary Role Witnesses Source
unavailable Charter of Edgar, king of Scots Grantor 1/25/3 (TNA, C 53/44, m. 14)
unavailable Donation of King Edgar, son of Malcolm king of Scots Grantor 1/20/1 (ESC, no. 16)
unavailable Gift of unfree men to the church of Dunfermline Grantor 1/4/5 (Chrs. David I, no. 20)
unavailable Charter (gift?) of villa and demesne of Swinwood (BWK) Grantor 3/15/59 (ND, App., no. 126)
unavailable Gift of the abandoned land of Ednam Grantor 3/359/1 (ESC, no. 24)
unavailable Gift of King Edgar of the shire of Gellet (FIF) Grantor 1/4/11 (Chrs. David I, no. 33)
unavailable Charter (gift?) of King Edgar Grantor 3/15/60 (ND, App., no. 127)
unavailable 'breue' by Edgar of Swinton Grantor 1/3/1 (ND, App., no. 10)
unavailable Gift of Swinton (BWK), offered on the altar Grantor 3/2/2 (Chrs. David I, no. 9)
unavailable Gift of shire of Gellet Grantor 1/4/92 (Chrs. David I, no. 172)
unavailable Grant of villa of Swinton (BWK) Grantor 2/131/59 (Scotia Pontificia, no. 95)
unavailable Gift of King Edgar Grantor 1/8/98 (RRS, iv, no. 102)
unavailable Gift of the abandoned land of Ednam Grantor 3/359/2 (ESC, no. 33)
unavailable Gift of serfs in the time of (tempore) 1/4/92 (Chrs. David I, no. 172)
unavailable Gift of villa of Hailes (MLO) Grantor 2/140/56 (Dunf. Reg., no. 269)
unavailable Endowment of a ploughgate of land Grantor 3/359/2 (ESC, no. 33)
unavailable Gift of shire of Gellet (FIF) Grantor 1/7/138 (RRS, iii, no. 135)
unavailable Gift of King David Grantor 1/5/12 (RRS, i, no. 118)
unavailable Gift of Horndean Grantor 3/2/4 (Chrs. David I, no. 11)
1095 X 8 Jan. 1107 Gift of Coldingham and lands which they have in Lothian; instructs also that no one cause injury Grantor 1/2/2 (ND, App., no. 3)
1095 X 8 Jan. 1107 Gift of mansio of Coldingham with further mansiones in Berwickshire Grantor 1/2/3 (ND, App., no. 2)
1095 X 8 Jan. 1107 *Gift of villa of Swinton (BWK) and 23 animals Grantor 1/2/4 (ND, App., no. 4)
1095 X 8 Jan. 1107 Announcement that King Edgar was present at dedication, offered in endowment Grantor Aelfric, butler (king's); Aelfwine; Algar, priest; Cnut Carl; Leysing; Ligulf of Bamburgh; Oggu, judex; Osbern, priest; Ottar or Odher (12C); Swain Ulfkill; Thor, the Long; Tigerna; Uhtred Eilaues sune; Uviet the White, lord of Traverlen 1/2/4 (ND, App., no. 4)
1095 X 8 Jan. 1107 Gift of Paxton (BWK) Grantor 1/2/5 (ND, App., no. 5)
1095 X 8 Jan. 1107 *Has set up with men in Coldingham that they shall pay monks a half mark Grantor 1/2/4 (ND, App., no. 4)
1095 X 8 Jan. 1107 *Has constituted peace in Coldingham (BWK) for those going and returning and there abiding in Island(-shire) and Norham to be kept safe Grantor 1/2/4 (ND, App., no. 4)
1095 X 8 Jan. 1107 Gift of Fishwick and that named land between Horndean and 'Cnapadene' Grantor 1/2/6 (ND, App., no. 6)
29 Aug. 1095 Gift of several mansiones in Berwickshire Grantor Aelfwald, son of Makod; Aiulf, brother of Aelfwald son of Makod; Ansketill, reeve of Norham; Geoffrey de Aldrie; Gilbert (late 11C); Ilger de Cornforth; John de Amundeville; Lorrainer the Racho; Turgot, bishop of St Andrews (d.1115); Walter de Valognes (11C); Wilfrid (late 11C); William, bishop of Durham (d.1096); William, son of Aelfwald 1/2/1 (Duncan, SHR 78, 16, 22-23)
29 Aug. 1095 Gift of several mansiones in Berwickshire Signatory Aelfwald, son of Makod; Aiulf, brother of Aelfwald son of Makod; Ansketill, reeve of Norham; Geoffrey de Aldrie; Gilbert (late 11C); Ilger de Cornforth; John de Amundeville; Lorrainer the Racho; Turgot, bishop of St Andrews (d.1115); Walter de Valognes (11C); Wilfrid (late 11C); William, bishop of Durham (d.1096); William, son of Aelfwald 1/2/1 (Duncan, SHR 78, 16, 22-23)
29 Aug. 1095 X Oct. 1095 Confirmation of donations made by King Edgar named person (transaction) Robert, son of Haimo; William Giffard, bishop of Winchester (d.1129) 1/20/1 (ESC, no. 16)
1097 X 8 Jan. 1107 Gift of Portmoak (KNR) Grantor 1/2/7 (St A. Lib., 115)
1107 X 1118 Gift of the church of Ednam named person (transaction) 3/359/1 (ESC, no. 24)
8 Jan. 1107 X 23 Apr. 1124 Renewal of Swinton (BWK) Sicut Clause 1/3/1 (ND, App., no. 10)
8 Jan. 1107 X 23 Apr. 1124 Renewal of land they had when King Edgar was alive and dead with customs Sicut Clause 1/3/3 (ND, App., no. 9)
8 Jan. 1107 X 23 Apr. 1124 Renewal of land they had when King Edgar was alive and dead with customs named person (transaction) 1/3/3 (ND, App., no. 9)
1113 X 1118 Request for confirmation of a donation named person (transaction) 3/359/2 (ESC, no. 33)
25 Dec. 1113 X 1 May 1118 Renewal of everything Durham Priory had, including Swinton (BWK), in the time of King Edgar in the time of (tempore) John, bishop of Glasgow (d.1147); Matilda, queen of England (d.1118); William the Atheling 3/2/3 (Chrs. David I, no. 10)
25/Dec/1113 × 1/May/1118 Gift of Swinton to Durham Cathedral Priory Grantor 3/2/3 (Chrs. David I, no. 10)
23 Apr. 1124 X 1136 Command that fugitive serfs be restored to Dunfermline Priory (or Abbey) named person (transaction) Herbert, chancellor (d.c.1135); Uviet the White, lord of Traverlen 1/4/5 (Chrs. David I, no. 20)
Feb/1136 × 1141 Charter of King Edgar Grantor 3/3/1 (Chrs. David I, no. 65)
19/Dec/1154 × 1159 Gift of shire of Gellet (FIF) Grantor 1/5/12 (RRS, i, no. 118)
24/Dec/1165 × 23/Sept/1168 Gift of King Edgar Grantor 1/6/25 (RRS, ii, no. 30)
29 Apr. 1182 Grant of protection and confirmation of properties, rights and liberties named person (transaction) 2/132/13 (Dunf. Reg., no. 238)
11 Oct. 1184 Grant of Papal protection and confirmation of properties, rights and liberties named person (transaction) 2/132/19 (Dunf. Reg., no. 239)
2 Feb. 1204 Confirmation of possessions of Durham Cathedral Priory named person (transaction) Geoffrey fitz Peter, earl of Essex (d.1213); Henry de Neville; Hugh de Neville; Peter de St[...]; Ralph de Mulleton; Robert de Vieuxpont, son of William (d.1228); Robert of Braybrook; William (de Neville?); William Drywer (?) 1/25/3 (TNA, C 53/44, m. 14)
Sept. 1227 Renewal of possessions given to Dunfermline Abbey in the time of (tempore) Alexander of Stirling, son of Patrick; Andrew of Stirling, king's clerk, persona; David Lindsay (II), son of David (I), lord of Luffness (d.1241); Geoffrey de Liberatione, bishop of Dunkeld (d.1249); Gregory, king's clerk; Henry Balliol (d.1246); Hugh de Mortimer, dean of Glasgow (d.1235/6); Malcolm Bisset; Matthew Scott, bishop-elect of Dunkeld (d.1230); Peter Ramsay, bishop of Aberdeen (d.1256); Ralph de Tosny; Ralph, king's chaplain (TRA2); Robert Hay, clerk (son of William); Robert IV, abbot of Scone (fl.1227); Walter Bisset (13C); Walter Comyn, earl of Menteith (d.1258); William Comyn, earl of Buchan (d.1233) 1/7/138 (RRS, iii, no. 135)
10 Mar. 1277 Renewal of possessions in the time of (tempore) David of Lochore, knight; Edward of Pitglassie; Henry of Denmuir, knight (fl.1260s-90); John of Haddington, prior of St Andrews (d.1304); John of Lamberton, knight (mid13C); Thomas of Clennell, knight; William Bisset, knight (late 13C); William Fraser, bishop of St Andrews (d.1297); William, bishop of Dunblane (d.1291×) 1/8/98 (RRS, iv, no. 102)
15 Aug. 1309 Inspection of charters of former kings of Scotland named person (transaction) 2/10/314 (ND, App., no. 488)
14 Nov. 1326 Inspection of charters of King Edgar, King David I, and Earl Patrick I of Dunbar for Durham Cathedral Priory in the time of (tempore) Alexander Seton, knight (late13C/early 14C); James Douglas, lord of Douglas (d.1330); John Lindsay, bishop of Glasgow (d. 1334x36); Patrick (V), earl of Dunbar/March and Moray (d.1369); Robert Bruce, son of King Robert I (illeg.); Thomas Randolph (d.1332), earl of Moray; Walter Stewart (III) (d.1327); William of Lamberton, bishop of St Andrews (d.1328) 1/53/352 (RMS, i, App. 1, no. 19)
16 Mar. 1328 Inspection of 5 charters of Durham Cathedral Priory named person (transaction) Alexander Seton, knight (late13C/early 14C); Bernard, abbot of Arbroath, chancellor; Gilbert Hay (II), lord of Errol, constable (son of Nicholas) (d.1333); James Douglas, lord of Douglas (d.1330); John Lindsay, bishop of Glasgow (d. 1334x36); John of Pilmore, bishop of Moray (1326-62); Robert Keith, marischal (d.1343); Robert Menzies, knight (d. 1330); Robert of Lauder, justiciar of Lothian; Thomas Randolph (d.1332), earl of Moray; William of Lamberton, bishop of St Andrews (d.1328) 1/53/388 (RRS, v, no. 340)


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Date Short Summary Role Source
1095 X 8 Jan. 1107 Mother of Edgar, king of Scots (d.1107)(Familial relationship) object (relationship) 1/2/3 (ND, App., no. 2)
1095 X 8 Jan. 1107 Brothers of Edgar, king of Scots (d.1107)(Familial relationship) object (relationship) 1/2/3 (ND, App., no. 2)
1095 X 8 Jan. 1107 Lord (dominus) of Edgar, king of Scots (d.1107)(Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/2/5 (ND, App., no. 5)
1095 X 8 Jan. 1107 Sisters of Edgar, king of Scots (d.1107)(Familial relationship) object (relationship) 1/2/3 (ND, App., no. 2)
1095 X 8 Jan. 1107 Lord (dominus) of Edgar, king of Scots (d.1107)(Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/2/6 (ND, App., no. 6)
1095 X 8 Jan. 1107 Father of Edgar, king of Scots (d.1107)(Familial relationship) object (relationship) 1/2/2 (ND, App., no. 3)
1095 X 8 Jan. 1107 Father of Edgar, king of Scots (d.1107)(Familial relationship) object (relationship) 1/2/6 (ND, App., no. 6)
1095 X 8 Jan. 1107 Mother of Edgar, king of Scots (d.1107)(Familial relationship) object (relationship) 1/2/2 (ND, App., no. 3)
1095 X 8 Jan. 1107 Mother of Edgar, king of Scots (d.1107)(Familial relationship) object (relationship) 1/2/6 (ND, App., no. 6)
1095 X 8 Jan. 1107 Brother of Edgar, king of Scots (d.1107)(Familial relationship) object (relationship) 1/2/2 (ND, App., no. 3)
1095 X 8 Jan. 1107 Brothers of Edgar, king of Scots (d.1107)(Familial relationship) object (relationship) 1/2/6 (ND, App., no. 6)
1095 X 8 Jan. 1107 Father of Edgar, king of Scots (d.1107)(Familial relationship) object (relationship) 1/2/3 (ND, App., no. 2)
1095 X 8 Jan. 1107 Sisters of Edgar, king of Scots (d.1107)(Familial relationship) object (relationship) 1/2/6 (ND, App., no. 6)
1095 X 8 Jan. 1107 Lord (dominus) of Edgar, king of Scots (d.1107)(Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/2/3 (ND, App., no. 2)
29 Aug. 1095 Father of Edgar, king of Scots (d.1107)(Familial relationship) object (relationship) 1/2/1 (Duncan, SHR 78, 16, 22-23)
29 Aug. 1095 Mother of Edgar, king of Scots (d.1107)(Familial relationship) object (relationship) 1/2/1 (Duncan, SHR 78, 16, 22-23)
29 Aug. 1095 Brother of Edgar, king of Scots (d.1107)(Familial relationship) object (relationship) 1/2/1 (Duncan, SHR 78, 16, 22-23)
29 Aug. 1095 Son of Malcolm III, king of Scots (d.1093)(Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/2/1 (Duncan, SHR 78, 16, 22-23)
29 Aug. 1095 Lord (dominus) of Edgar, king of Scots (d.1107)(Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/2/1 (Duncan, SHR 78, 16, 22-23)
29 Aug. 1095 Fidelis (sworn man) of Edgar, king of Scots (d.1107)(Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/2/1 (Duncan, SHR 78, 16, 22-23)
29 Aug. 1095 Brother of Edgar, king of Scots (d.1107)(Familial relationship) object (relationship) 1/2/1 (Duncan, SHR 78, 16, 22-23)
29 Aug. 1095 Brother of Edgar, king of Scots (d.1107)(Familial relationship) object (relationship) 1/2/1 (Duncan, SHR 78, 16, 22-23)
29 Aug. 1095 X Oct. 1095 Son of Malcolm III, king of Scots (d.1093)(Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/20/1 (ESC, no. 16)
1097 X 8 Jan. 1107 Son of Malcolm III, king of Scots (d.1093)(Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/2/7 (St A. Lib., 115)
1107 X 1118 Lord (dominus) of Thor, the Long (Tenurial & lordship relationship) subject (relationship) 3/359/1 (ESC, no. 24)
8 Jan. 1107 X 23 Apr. 1124 Brother of Alexander I, king of Scots (d.1124)(Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/3/1 (ND, App., no. 10)
8 Jan. 1107 X 23 Apr. 1124 Brother of David I, king of Scots (d.1153)(Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/3/1 (ND, App., no. 10)
8 Jan. 1107 X 23 Apr. 1124 Brother of Alexander I, king of Scots (d.1124)(Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/3/3 (ND, App., no. 9)
1113 X 1118 Lord (dominus) of Thor, the Long (Tenurial & lordship relationship) subject (relationship) 3/359/2 (ESC, no. 33)
1113 X 1118 Brother of David I, king of Scots (d.1153) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 3/359/2 (ESC, no. 33)
25 Dec. 1113 X 1 May 1118 Brother of David I, king of Scots (d.1153)(Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 3/2/2 (Chrs. David I, no. 9)
25 Dec. 1113 X 1 May 1118 Brother of David I, king of Scots (d.1153)(Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 3/2/3 (Chrs. David I, no. 10)
25 Dec. 1113 X 27 Apr. 1124 Brother of David I, king of Scots (d.1153)(Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 3/2/4 (Chrs. David I, no. 11)
23 Apr. 1124 X 22 Aug. 1138 Son of Malcolm III, king of Scots (d.1093) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 3/15/2 (ND, App., no. 111)
17 Jul. 1127 X 1131 Brother of David I, king of Scots (d.1153) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/4/11 (Chrs. David I, no. 33)
Feb. 1136 X 1141 Uncle - maternal (avunculus) of Henry, earl of Northumberland and Huntingdon (d.1152)(Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 3/3/1 (Chrs. David I, no. 65)
1143 X 24 Aug. 1147 Uncle - maternal (avunculus) of Henry, earl of Northumberland and Huntingdon (d.1152)(Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 3/3/10 (Chrs. David I, no. 121)
1143 X 24 Aug. 1147 Brother of David I, king of Scots (d.1153) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/4/56 (Chrs. David I, no. 120)
1150 X 12 Jun. 1152 Brother of David I, king of Scots (d.1153)(Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/4/92 (Chrs. David I, no. 172)
1164 X 9 Dec. 1165 Son of Malcolm III, king of Scots (d.1093) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 3/15/9 (ND, App., no. 113)
1166 X 9 Dec. 1166 Son of Malcolm III, king of Scots (d.1093) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 3/15/13 (ND, App., no. 114)
1189 X 1198 Son of Malcolm III, king of Scots (d.1093) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 3/15/20 (ND, App., no. 116)
Sept. 1227 Predecessor of Alexander II, king of Scots (d.1249)(Tenurial & lordship relationship) subject (relationship) 1/7/138 (RRS, iii, no. 135)
Sept. 1227 Brother of Edgar, king of Scots (d.1107)(Familial relationship) object (relationship) 1/7/138 (RRS, iii, no. 135)
24 Jul. 1232 Brother of David I, king of Scots (d.1153) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 2/140/56 (Dunf. Reg., no. 269)
31 Dec. 1232 X 13 Dec. 1248 Son of Malcolm III, king of Scots (d.1093) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 3/15/67 (ND, App., no. 135)
10 Mar. 1277 Brother of Edgar, king of Scots (d.1107)(Familial relationship) object (relationship) 1/8/98 (RRS, iv, no. 102)


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Date Short Summary Source
1095 X 8 Jan. 1107 king of Scots 1/2/4 (ND, App., no. 4)
1095 X 8 Jan. 1107 king of Scots 1/2/2 (ND, App., no. 3)
1095 X 8 Jan. 1107 king of Scots 1/2/3 (ND, App., no. 2)
1095 X 8 Jan. 1107 king of Scots 1/2/5 (ND, App., no. 5)
1095 X 8 Jan. 1107 king of Scots 1/2/6 (ND, App., no. 6)
29 Aug. 1095 king of Scots 1/2/1 (Duncan, SHR 78, 16, 22-23)
29 Aug. 1095 X Oct. 1095 king 1/20/1 (ESC, no. 16)
1097 X 8 Jan. 1107 king of Scots 1/2/7 (St A. Lib., 115)
1107 X 1118 king of Scots 3/359/1 (ESC, no. 24)
8 Jan. 1107 X 23 Apr. 1124 king 1/3/1 (ND, App., no. 10)
8 Jan. 1107 X 23 Apr. 1124 king 1/3/3 (ND, App., no. 9)
1113 X 1118 king 3/359/2 (ESC, no. 33)
25 Dec. 1113 X 1 May 1118 king 3/2/2 (Chrs. David I, no. 9)
25 Dec. 1113 X 27 Apr. 1124 king 3/2/4 (Chrs. David I, no. 11)
23 Apr. 1124 X 1136 king 1/4/5 (Chrs. David I, no. 20)
23 Apr. 1124 X 22 Aug. 1138 king 3/15/2 (ND, App., no. 111)
Feb. 1136 X 1141 king 3/3/1 (Chrs. David I, no. 65)
1150 X 12 Jun. 1152 king 1/4/92 (Chrs. David I, no. 172)
19 Dec., 1154 X 1159 king 1/5/12 (RRS, i, no. 118)
circa 15 Oct. 1159 X 30 Aug. 1181 king of Scots 2/131/59 (Scotia Pontificia, no. 95)
1164 X 9 Dec. 1165 king 3/15/9 (ND, App., no. 113)
24 Dec. 1165 X 23 Sept. 1168 king 1/6/25 (RRS, ii, no. 30)
1166 X 9 Dec. 1166 king 3/15/13 (ND, App., no. 114)
29 Apr. 1182 king of Scots 2/132/13 (Dunf. Reg., no. 238)
11 Oct. 1184 king of Scots 2/132/19 (Dunf. Reg., no. 239)
1189 X 1198 king 3/15/20 (ND, App., no. 116)
2 Feb. 1204 king of Scots 1/25/3 (TNA, C 53/44, m. 14)
Sept. 1227 king 1/7/138 (RRS, iii, no. 135)
30 Mar. 1231 king 3/15/59 (ND, App., no. 126)
30 Mar. 1231 X 31 Dec. 1232 king 3/15/60 (ND, App., no. 127)
31 Dec. 1232 X 13 Dec. 1248 king 3/15/67 (ND, App., no. 135)
10 Mar. 1277 king 1/8/98 (RRS, iv, no. 102)
15 Aug. 1309 king of Scots 2/10/314 (ND, App., no. 488)
16 Mar. 1328 king of Scots 1/53/388 (RRS, v, no. 340)


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Date Short Summary Role Source
1095 X 8 Jan. 1107 Paxton (BWK) Holder (possession) 1/2/5 (ND, App., no. 5)