People of Medieval Scotland
1093 - 1371

Thurstan, archbishop of York (d.1140)

Biography
Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066-1300, i, 43; vi, 1-7: Thurstan was the son of Anger, prebend of Cantlers, and had a brother Audoen, who was also prebend of Cantlers. He was a royal chaplain of Henry I from 1103-14 and canon of London, holding the prebendary of Consumpta-per-Mare. He was nominated to the archbishopric of York on 15 August 1114. He was ordained a deacon in December by William Giffard, bishop of Winchester and enthroned at York by the bishop of Chester. He was further ordained a priest on 6 June 1115. He was consecrated archbishop by the pope on 19 October 1119 at Rheims. On 21 January 1140, he resigned as archbishop to become a Cluniac monk. He died on 5 February 1140. Thurstan was born around 1070, the son of Anger (Anskar), a priest from the Bessin area of Normandy, and his wife, Popelina. He was educated perhaps at Caen or Bayeux. His family moved to England after 1086 where his father received the prebend of Kentish Town. After his father?s death around 1104, Thurstan's brother, Audoin (d. 1139), received that prebend. Audoin later became bishop of Évreux. Thurstan held the churches and chapels of Tickhill Castle, Stoneleigh, Shorne and Cobham. He resigned on 25 January 1140 and died on 6 February. He was buried in the church of St John the Evangelist at Pontefract. http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/27411
Floruits
1122 × 1134
Related Place
York

Total number of associated factoids: 50

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Date Short Summary Role Witnesses Source
unavailable Letter from Thurstan, archbishop of York, concerning John, bishop of Glasgow Addressor 2/123/7 (Haddan and Stubbs, Councils, ii, I, 21-22)
unavailable Request to consecrate Robert as bishop of St Andrews Addressee 2/30/2 (ESC, no. 76)
unavailable Letter concerning John, bishop of Glasgow and his refusal to give obedience Addressor 2/123/8 (ESC, no. 45)
unavailable Concession of immunity from claim, custom, cain, conveth and service in the presence of 2/133/16 (PU, ii, no. 241 )
20 Nov. 1119 *Command of obedience named person (transaction) 2/123/2 (Scotia Pontificia, no. 5)
20 Nov. 1119 Statement concerning consecration of Archbishop Thurstan named person (transaction) 2/123/1 (Haddan and Stubbs, Councils, ii, I, 193)
15 Jan. 1122 Command of obedience named person (transaction) 2/123/5 (ESC, no. 44)
15 Jan. 1122 Command of obedience named person (transaction) 2/123/4 (Scotia Pontificia, no. 7 )
15 Jan. 1122 Command of obedience named person (transaction) 2/123/6 (Haddan and Stubbs, Councils, ii, I, 205-6)
16 May 1122 Statement concerning John, bishop of Glasgow Addressee 2/123/7 (Haddan and Stubbs, Councils, ii, I, 21-22)
26 Aug. 1122 Command to return to York to profess obedience named person (transaction) 2/123/8 (ESC, no. 45)
1125 Command to receive Cardinal John as legate in Scotland and to compel bishops to attend council named person (transaction) 2/124/1 (ESC, no. 55)
1127 X 5 Sept. 1128 Notification of consecration of Robert, bishop of St Andrews named person (transaction) Aldan, son of Alfwald; Anketin of Bulmer; Athelwulf, prior of St Oswald of Nostell (d.1156/57); Aymer Francis (the Frenchman), knight; Eustace fitz John (d.1157); Geoffrey Murdoch; Geoffrey, abbot of St Mary's, York; Gilcolin; Herbert, bishop of Glasgow (d.1164); Hugh, dean of York (fl.1093-1135); John, bishop of Glasgow (d.1147); Nicholas, prior of Scone (d.1140); Ralph Nowell, bishop of Orkney (fl.1109×14-1151); Ranulf Flambard, bishop of Durham (d.1128); Robert de Watteville; Roger de Coignières; Slúagadach, leader of bishop's army; Ulkil, son of Maldred; Ulkil, son of Merewine; Walter of Gant (Ghent); Waltheof, abbot of Croyland 1/4/8 (Chrs. David I, no. 29)
17 Jul. 1127 Concession of freedom from cain and conveth and dues named person (transaction) Adolf, priest of Oldhamstocks; Balsan; Blane, priest of Linton; Godwin, chamberlain of Bishop Robert of St Andrews; Godwin, steward; Henry, priest of Lennel; John, priest of Legerwood; Orm, priest of Ednam; Robert, brother of Bishop Robert of St Andrews 2/10/2 (SEA, i, no. 116)
circa 17 Jul. 1127 Announcement that he has consecrated Robert, bishop of St Andrews Addressor Aldan, son of Alfwald; Anketin of Bulmer; Athelwulf, prior of St Oswald of Nostell (d.1156/57); Aymer Francis (the Frenchman), knight; Eustace fitz John (d.1157); Geoffrey Murdoch; Geoffrey, abbot of St Mary's, York; Gilcolin; Herbert, bishop of Glasgow (d.1164); Hugh, dean of York (fl.1093-1135); John, bishop of Glasgow (d.1147); Nicholas, prior of Scone (d.1140); Ralph Nowell, bishop of Orkney (fl.1109×14-1151); Ranulf Flambard, bishop of Durham (d.1128); Robert de Watteville; Roger de Coignières; Slúagadach, leader of bishop's army; Ulkil, son of Maldred; Ulkil, son of Merewine; Walter of Gant (Ghent); Waltheof, abbot of Croyland 2/30/2 (ESC, no. 76)
1128 Command of obedience named person (transaction) 2/124/4 (Haddan and Stubbs, Councils, ii, I, 24-25)
1128 Command of obedience named person (transaction) 2/124/3 (ESC, no. 63)
9 Dec. 1128 X 25 Jan. 1140 Submission to York Recipient (submission, fealty, homage) 2/12/1 (SEA, i, no. 55)
1131 Command of obedience named person (transaction) 2/125/2 (Haddan and Stubbs, Councils, ii, I, 217)
1131 Correspondence concerning obedience to York named person (transaction) 2/125/1 (ESC, no. 102)
1134 X 5 Feb. 1140 Request to ratify right of election of bishop of Isles, given to monks of Furness Addressee 1/13/2 (Furness C.B., ii, pt. III, no. 2)


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Date Short Summary Role Source
20 Nov. 1119 Metropolitan of John, bishop of Glasgow (d.1147) (Tenurial & lordship relationship) subject (relationship) 2/123/1 (Haddan and Stubbs, Councils, ii, I, 193)
20 Nov. 1119 Metropolitan of Bishops of Scotland (Tenurial & lordship relationship) subject (relationship) 2/123/1 (Haddan and Stubbs, Councils, ii, I, 193)
20 Nov. 1119 Metropolitan of Ranulf Flambard, bishop of Durham (d.1128) (Tenurial & lordship relationship) subject (relationship) 2/123/1 (Haddan and Stubbs, Councils, ii, I, 193)
20 Nov. 1119 Metropolitan of Ralph Nowell, bishop of Orkney (fl.1109×14-1151) (Tenurial & lordship relationship) subject (relationship) 2/123/1 (Haddan and Stubbs, Councils, ii, I, 193)
15 Jan. 1122 Metropolitan of John, bishop of Glasgow (d.1147) (Tenurial & lordship relationship) subject (relationship) 2/123/5 (ESC, no. 44)
1128 Metropolitan of John, bishop of Glasgow (d.1147) (Tenurial & lordship relationship) subject (relationship) 2/124/4 (Haddan and Stubbs, Councils, ii, I, 24-25)
1128 Metropolitan of Gilla Aldain, bishop of Whithorn (d.1151×54) (Tenurial & lordship relationship) subject (relationship) 2/124/3 (ESC, no. 63)
9 Dec. 1128 X 25 Jan. 1140 Lord (dominus) of Gilla Aldain, bishop of Whithorn (d.1151×54)(Tenurial & lordship relationship) subject (relationship) 2/12/1 (SEA, i, no. 55)
1131 Metropolitan of Bishops of Scotland (Tenurial & lordship relationship) subject (relationship) 2/125/2 (Haddan and Stubbs, Councils, ii, I, 217)
1131 Metropolitan of John, bishop of Glasgow (d.1147) (Tenurial & lordship relationship) subject (relationship) 2/125/1 (ESC, no. 102)