People of Medieval Scotland
1093 - 1371

Henry II, king of England (d.1189)

Biography
Henry was the eldest son of Empress Matilda (d.1167), daughter of Henry I (d.1135), and Geoffrey Plantagenet, count of Anjou (d.1151). He had two brothers, Geoffrey of Anjou and William fitz Empress (d.1164). Henry was born on 5 March 1133 at Le Mans. At sixteen he was knighted by his uncle, David I of Scots, and in December 1149 he became duke of Normandy. Upon his father's death in 1151, he became count of Anjou, Maine and Tourraine. On 18 May 1152, he married Eleanor of Aquitaine (d.1204), former wife of Louis VII of France, whom she had divorced in March of that year. Henry became king of England in December 1154, following the death of King Stephen in October. With Eleanor, he had eight children. One died in infancy, but the remaining survived: Matilda (d.1189), married to Henry the Lion, duke of Saxony; Eleanor (b. 1161), betrothed to Alfonso, king of Castile; Henry (d.1183), married to Margaret, daughter of Louis VIII of France and his second wife, Constanza of Castile; Richard (d.1199), betrothed to her sister, Alice, but who married Berengaria of Navarre (d.1230); Geoffrey (d.1186), who married Constance (d.1201), heir of Brittany; Joanna (d.1199), wife of William II, king of Sicily; and John (d.1216), who married firstly Isabella, countess of Gloucester (d.1217) and secondly Isabella, countess of Angoulême. Henry also had an illegitimate son, William Longespée (d.1226), with Ida de Tosny, probable daughter of Roger (III) de Tosny and his wife, Ida. Henry died at Chinon, France, on 6 July 1189 and was buried at Fontevrault Abbey. He was succeeded by his son, Richard I, his elder two sons having predeceased him. http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/12949
Floruits
1174 × 1178
Related Place
ENGLAND
PoNE
http://www.pone.ac.uk/record/person/356/
Family connections
» Gephi Visualisation
Grantor Beneficiary relationships
» Gephi Visualisation

Total number of associated factoids: 45

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Date Short Summary Role Witnesses Source
unavailable Homage given to the kings of England Beneficiary 2/140/63 (A-S Relations, no. 6)
unavailable Collation of dignities and alms Grantor 2/133/17 (Mon. Insula Manniae, ii, 15-6)
unavailable Grant of island of Holm Grantor 2/131/61 (H.C. Reg., no. 133a)
unavailable Gift of island of Holm Grantor 2/132/23 (Dugdale, Monasticon, 598, no. 21)
unavailable Gifts of Henry II to Holm Cultram Abbey Grantor 2/135/8 (Dugdale, Monasticon, 600-01, no. 25)
unavailable Agreements between William I and Henry II Party 1 1/24/1 (A-S Relations, no. 2)
unavailable Agreement between Kings Henry and John of England with King William I Party 1 2/140/63 (A-S Relations, no. 6)
unavailable Charter of donation to Durham Cathedral Priory Grantor 1/25/3 (TNA, C 53/44, m. 14)
1157 X 3 Aug. 1159 Gift of Sawtry, Hunts. Sicut Clause Adam of Roxburgh, king's chaplain; Arnold, bishop of St Andrews (d.1162); David de Boeville; David Oliphant (12C); Henry de Percy, son of Alan; Herbert, bishop of Glasgow (d.1164); Liulf, son of Maccus son of Undweyn; Nicholas of Roxburgh, chancellor (d.1171?); Orm, son of Eilaf; Osbert, abbot of Jedburgh (d.1174); Ranulf Soulis, king's butler (d.1165×72); Richard de Moreville (d.1189 or 1190); Robert Frebern; Walter de Bidun (d.1178); Walter Stewart (I), son of Alan (d.1177); Waltheof (Saint), abbot of Melrose (d.1159); William de Moreville (early 12C); William de Somerville (I); William I, king of Scots (d.1214) 1/1000/24 (RRS, i, no. 128)
8 Dec. 1174 Agreement between William, king of Scots, and Henry (II), king of England (Treaty of Falaise) Party 2 Alfred de St Martin, steward; Bertram de Verdun ; Fulk Painel ; Geoffrey de Perche ; Geoffrey, duke of Brittany (d.1186); Gilbert Malet, steward; Herbert, archdeacon of Northampton ; Hugh, earl of Chester (d.1181); Humphrey de Bohun (d.1187); Ingram of Le Hommet; John of Oxford, bishop of Norwich (d.1200); Jordan of Le Hommet; Jordan Taisson ; Osbert de Camera; Ralph Taisson ; Ralph, abbot of Montebourg ; Ranulf Puhere ; Reginald de Courtenay ; Richard de Coutances, bishop of Avranches (d.1181); Richard de Vernon ; Richard I, king of England (d.1199); Richard of Le Hommet, constable; Robert Bertram ; Robert de Beaumont, count of Meulan (d.1204); Robert de Mortimer ; Robert, abbot of Malmesbury ; Robert, son of Bernard; Roger Bacon ; Roger of Howden; Roger, brother of Ralph Taisson; Walter de Coutances, archbishop of Rouen (d.1207); William de Courcy, steward; William de Mandeville, earl of Essex (d.1189); William of Le Hommet; William, son of Aldan, steward of England; William, vavasour (12C) 4/1/1 (A-S Relations, no. 1)
30 Jul. 1176 Command of obedience to pope until matter concerning obedience is settled named person (transaction) 2/131/39 (Glas. Reg., no. 38)
14 Oct. 1178 X 10 Jul. 1188 Concession of firm peace and protection Grantor William de Bending; William Ruffus, sheriff (12C); William, son of Aldan, steward of England 1/23/3 (Barrow, SHR 36, 142-3)
5 Dec. 1189 Quitclaim of castles of Roxburgh and Berwick (Quitclaim of Canterbury) named person (transaction) Baldwin, archbishop of Canterbury (d.1190); Godfrey de Lucy, bishop of Winchester (d.1204); Hamelin de Warenne, earl of Surrey (d.1202); Hubert Walter, archbishop of Canterbury (d.1205); Hugh Bardolf (12C); Hugh le Puiset, bishop of Durham (d.1195); Hugh of Avallon, bishop of Lincoln (d.1200); John, archbishop of Dublin; John, king of England (d.1216); Reginald, bishop of Bath (d.1191); Robert de Breteuil, earl of Leicester (d.1204); Stephen Longchamp, steward of Richard I; Walter de Coutances, archbishop of Rouen (d.1207) 1/24/1 (A-S Relations, no. 2)
2 Feb. 1204 Confirmation of possessions of Durham Cathedral Priory named person (transaction) Geoffrey fitz Peter, earl of Essex (d.1213); Henry de Neville; Hugh de Neville; Peter de St[...]; Ralph de Mulleton; Robert de Vieuxpont, son of William (d.1228); Robert of Braybrook; William (de Neville?); William Drywer (?) 1/25/3 (TNA, C 53/44, m. 14)
10 Jul. 1292 Inspection of charter of Henry II named person (transaction) Edward I, king of England (d.1307) 1/27/0 (Stevenson, Docs., i, no. 271)


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Date Short Summary Role Source
8 Dec. 1174 Son of Henry II, king of England (d.1189) (Familial relationship) object (relationship) 4/1/1 (A-S Relations, no. 1)
8 Dec. 1174 Son of Henry II, king of England (d.1189) (Familial relationship) object (relationship) 4/1/1 (A-S Relations, no. 1)
8 Dec. 1174 Son of Matilda, empress, consort of Heinrich V (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 4/1/1 (A-S Relations, no. 1)
8 Dec. 1174 Liege Man (homo ligius) of Henry II, king of England (d.1189) (Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 4/1/1 (A-S Relations, no. 1)
8 Dec. 1174 Son of Henry II, king of England (d.1189) (Familial relationship) object (relationship) 4/1/1 (A-S Relations, no. 1)
29 Sept. 1189 X 1190 Son of Henry II, king of England (d.1189) (Familial relationship) object (relationship) 1/6/272 (RRS, ii, no. 301)
5 Dec. 1189 Father of Richard I, king of England (d.1199)(Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/24/1 (A-S Relations, no. 2)
2 Feb. 1204 Father of John, king of England (d.1216) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/25/3 (TNA, C 53/44, m. 14)
1218 X 1237 Lords (domini) of Robert de Muschamp, son of Robert de Muschamp (Tenurial & lordship relationship) subject (relationship) 3/429/3 (Melr. Lib., no. 305)
4 Jan. 1235 Grandfather of Henry III, king of England (d.1272) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 2/140/63 (A-S Relations, no. 6)
10 Jul. 1292 Great-grandfather of Edward I, king of England (d.1307) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/27/0 (Stevenson, Docs., i, no. 271)


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Date Short Summary Role Source
25 March 1173 X 1177 Gift of one ploughgate in Mow (ROX) Pro anima 3/358/7 (Pais. Reg., 74-5)
1218 X 1237 Gift of land in Hethpool (Northumberland) Pro anima 3/429/3 (Melr. Lib., no. 305)