People of Medieval Scotland
1093 - 1371

Richard I, king of England (d.1199)

Biography
Richard (Richard the Lionheart) was the third son of Henry II (d. 1189) and Eleanor of Aquitaine (d. 1204). He was born on 8 September 1157 at Oxford. He was brother of Henry the Young King (d. 1183), Geoffrey (d. 1186) and John (d. 1216); his sisters were Matilda (d. 1189), Eleanor (b. 1161) and Joanne (d. 1199). In June 1172 he became duke of Aquitaine. He became king - and duke of Normandy - upon his father's death on 6 July 1189, and was crowned at Westminster on 3 September of that year. He married Berengaria of Navarre (d. 1230), daughter of Sancho VI, king of Navarre (d. 1194), though he had been previously betrothed to Alice, sister of Philip Augustus of France for decades; they had no children together. On 26 March 1199 while at Châlus-Chabrol, Richard was wounded in the shoulder, an injury which turned gangrenous. He named his brother, John, as his heir and died on 6 April. He was buried at Fontevrault, next to his father, and his heart was removed for burial in Rouen Cathedral. http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/23498
Floruits
1174 × 1189
Related Place
ENGLAND
PoNE
http://www.pone.ac.uk/record/person/544/
Family connections
» Gephi Visualisation
Grantor Beneficiary relationships
» Gephi Visualisation

Total number of associated factoids: 33

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Date Short Summary Role Witnesses Source
unavailable Concession of liberties of Kirkby Thore Grantor 2/135/8 (Dugdale, Monasticon, 600-01, no. 25)
29 Sept. 1189 X 1190 Confirmation of chapel of Park, and buildings of Colmslie, Buckholm and Whitelee named person (transaction) Adam of Ceres, knight (fl.1154×1200); Adam of Stanford; Adam, son of Gilbert, son of Richer, lord of Kilbucho; Arnold, abbot of Rievaulx (1189-99); Gervase Avenel, lord of Eskdale (d.1219); Herbert, marischal; Hugh of Roxburgh, bishop-elect of Glasgow (d.1199); Jocelin, bishop of Glasgow (d.1199); Malcolm (I), earl of Fife (d.1229); Philip de Valognes, chamberlain (d.1215); Robert of London (d.1225); Robert, archdeacon of Glasgow (d.1222); William Comyn, earl of Buchan (d.1233); William Hay (I), lord of Errol (d.c.1201); William Lindsay (II) (d.c.1205) 1/6/272 (RRS, ii, no. 301)
5 Dec. 1189 Quitclaim of castles of Roxburgh and Berwick (Quitclaim of Canterbury) Grantor Baldwin, archbishop of Canterbury (d.1190); Godfrey de Lucy, bishop of Winchester (d.1204); Hamelin de Warenne, earl of Surrey (d.1202); Hubert Walter, archbishop of Canterbury (d.1205); Hugh Bardolf (12C); Hugh le Puiset, bishop of Durham (d.1195); Hugh of Avallon, bishop of Lincoln (d.1200); John, archbishop of Dublin; John, king of England (d.1216); Reginald, bishop of Bath (d.1191); Robert de Breteuil, earl of Leicester (d.1204); Stephen Longchamp, steward of Richard I; Walter de Coutances, archbishop of Rouen (d.1207) 1/24/1 (A-S Relations, no. 2)
1 Apr. 1190 X 1193 Confirmation of agreement between Kelso Abbey and Robert of Kent, Robert Hunaud, Roland, son-in-law of Nicholas de Côtentin named person (transaction) Malcolm (I), earl of Fife (d.1229); Philip de Valognes, chamberlain (d.1215); Robert, archdeacon of Glasgow (d.1222); William Comyn, earl of Buchan (d.1233) 1/6/290 (RRS, ii, no. 319)
circa 4 Jul. 1190 Gift of land in Innerwick at feuferme for 33 years (ELO) named person (transaction) Gervase Avenel, lord of Eskdale (d.1219); Hugh, king's chaplain and clerk (episcopal witness); Richard, abbot of Dryburgh (fl.1188×93); Thomas (son of Hugh, king's chaplain and clerk); William, canon of Dryburgh 3/313/2 (Kel. Lib., no. 256)
11 Nov. 1190 X 1204 Confirmation of land in Innerwick at ferme for 33 years (ELO) named person (transaction) Gervase Avenel, lord of Eskdale (d.1219); Hugh, king's chaplain and clerk (episcopal witness); Malcolm of Keith; Richard, abbot of Dryburgh (fl.1188×93); Robert Crook, knight (12C); Roger Barclay (late 12C/ early 13C); Thomas (son of Hugh, king's chaplain and clerk); William de Somerville (II), son of William ; William of Swaffham; William Passelew; William, canon of Dryburgh 3/547/29 (Kel. Lib., no. 248)
3 Sept. 1192 X 2 Sept. 1193 Agreement between Leicester Abbey and Dryburgh Abbey named person (transaction) Adam, abbot of Sulby; Adam, abbot of Welbeck ; Adam, canon of Dryburgh ; Geoffrey, canon of Dryburgh ; Jordan, abbot of Thornton ; Philip, canon of Leicester ; William, canon of Leicester 4/8/8 (Stringer, IR 24, no. 4)


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Date Short Summary Role Source
8 Dec. 1174 Son of Henry II, king of England (d.1189) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 4/1/1 (A-S Relations, no. 1)
29 Sept. 1189 X 1190 Son of Henry II, king of England (d.1189) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/6/272 (RRS, ii, no. 301)
5 Dec. 1189 Father of Richard I, king of England (d.1199)(Familial relationship) object (relationship) 1/24/1 (A-S Relations, no. 2)
5 Dec. 1189 Predecessor of Richard I, king of England (d.1199)(Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/24/1 (A-S Relations, no. 2)
5 Dec. 1189 Steward of Richard I, king of England (d.1199)(Employment relationship) object (relationship) 1/24/1 (A-S Relations, no. 2)
5 Dec. 1189 Chancellor of Richard I, king of England (d.1199)(Employment relationship) object (relationship) 1/24/1 (A-S Relations, no. 2)
5 Dec. 1189 Liege Man (homo ligius) of Richard I, king of England (d.1199)(Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/24/1 (A-S Relations, no. 2)
5 Dec. 1189 Cognatus/consanguineus (kinsman/male cousin) of Richard I, king of England (d.1199)(Familial relationship) object (relationship) 1/24/1 (A-S Relations, no. 2)
Thursday 29 Oct. 1198 Fidelibus (sworn men) of Richard I, king of England (d.1199) (Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 4/26/2 (PRS 24, no. 79)
1218 X 1237 Lords (domini) of Robert de Muschamp, son of Robert de Muschamp (Tenurial & lordship relationship) subject (relationship) 3/429/3 (Melr. Lib., no. 305)


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Date Short Summary Role Source
1218 X 1237 Gift of land in Hethpool (Northumberland) Pro anima 3/429/3 (Melr. Lib., no. 305)

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Date Short Summary Source
8 December 1174 Agreement between William, king of Scots, and Henry (II), king of England (Treaty of Falaise) 4/1/1 (A-S Relations, no. 1)