Document 2/132/6 (Haddan and Stubbs, Councils, ii, I, 258 )
Pope Lucius III writes to the bishops, abbots, clergy and people of Scotland noting that since the apostle has commanded that deference be paid to kings as pre-eminent men, it is proper that he should honour them as dearest sons, and attend to their wishes. Lucius has heard that Archbishop Roger of York and Bishop John of St Andrews, on the basis of a letter of Pope Alexander, promulgated a sentence of excommunication against King William and certain others in the kingdom, and an interdict against the kingdom, because of the monarch’s opposition to John’s election and consecration. Bishop Jocelin of Glasgow, Abbots Arnold of Melrose and Osbert of Kelso, and Prior Walter of Inchcolm have come to the apostolic see and reported that the archbishop excommunicated the king and put the kingdom under interdict, and that John excommunicated certain people in the kingdom. They also indicated before the pontiff many reasons why those sentences should be lifted. After consultation with his brethren, Lucius removed these penalties, and William is to be regarded as a ‘catholic king’ in communion with the apostolic see.