Document 2/131/43 (Robertson, Concilia Scotiae, i, App. no. 14)
Pope Alexander III writes to all the bishops of Scotland indicating that he has heard that Vivian, cardinal-priest of St Stephen in Celio Monte, during his legation to Scotland, decreed solemnly that the Cistercians should pay teinds from lands which they work but hold from others. The pontiff does not believe that Vivian commanded this. He was not permitted to rule contrary to the statutes of the Roman pontiff, or to interpret on his own authority a privilege of the Roman church on which there was doubt. Alexander decrees to the bishops that on the basis of such a ruling they should not compel the Cistercians, or permit them to be compelled, to pay teinds from lands which they cultivate with their own hands or at their own expense, whether they own them or hold them from others. He will not view it lightly if on that basis the privilege which the Cistercians are known to hold from the apostolic see is diminished.
27 January 1178
6 kal. Feb., probably after Vivian convened a synod in August 1177