People of Medieval Scotland
1093 - 1371

Document 2/131/43 (Robertson, Concilia Scotiae, i, App. no. 14)

Pope Alexander III writes to all the bishops of Scotland indicating that he has heard that Vivian, cardinal-priest of St Stephen in Celio Monte, during his legation to Scotland, decreed solemnly that the Cistercians should pay teinds from lands which they work but hold from others. The pontiff does not believe that Vivian commanded this. He was not permitted to rule contrary to the statutes of the Roman pontiff, or to interpret on his own authority a privilege of the Roman church on which there was doubt. Alexander decrees to the bishops that on the basis of such a ruling they should not compel the Cistercians, or permit them to be compelled, to pay teinds from lands which they cultivate with their own hands or at their own expense, whether they own them or hold them from others. He will not view it lightly if on that basis the privilege which the Cistercians are known to hold from the apostolic see is diminished.
Firm date
27 January 1178
Dating Notes
6 kal. Feb., probably after Vivian convened a synod in August 1177
Place date (modern)
Place date (document)
Related Place
Source for Data Entry
Robertson, Concilia Scotiae, I, App. no. 14
Trad. ID
Robertson, Concilia Scotiae, i, App. no. 14
Calendar number
Charter type
Papal letter

Total number of associated factoids: 5

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Date Short Summary Primary Witnesses
unavailable Decree that Cistercians should pay teinds from lands no
27 Jan. 1178 Decree (concession) not to compel Cistercians to pay teinds yes