People of Medieval Scotland
1093 - 1371

Document 2/132/18 (Dryb. Lib., no. 249)

Pope Lucius III writes to Gerard, abbot of Dryburgh, and the brethren there, taking the church of Dryburgh into his protection; all the possessions and goods which they have or may acquire by papal permission, by the liberality of kings or the gifts of the faithful, may remain with the abbot and his successors, including from the gift of Hugh de Morville, the land called Dryburgh with the land, wood, pasture and waters, the fishing of Berwick, the church of Mertoun (BWK) with one ploughgate of land, the church of Channelkirk (BWK) with pertinent land, the church of Saltoun (ELO) with a ploughgate of land, the church of Kilrenny (FIF), and the teinds of the mills of Lauder (BWK), Saltoun, Nenthorn (BWK) and Longnewton (ROX), the church of Lanark (LAN) with the land pertaining to it and the chapel of Pettinain (LAN), the church of Lessudden (St Boswells, ROX) with one ploughgate of land, the church of Askeby (Westmorland) with pertinents; from the gift of David, king of Scots, the forest clearing called Kedslie (ROX), with pastures there in forest and leave to take whatever is needed in his woods and forests through Lauder and Teviotdale for their own use and buildings; from the gift of Richard de Morville, a ploughgate of land in ‘Langelaw’ (in Haddington, ELO); from the gift of David Olifard, a ploughgate of land with common pasture and a toft and croft in Smailholm (ROX); from the gift of Geoffrey de Percy, two oxgangs of land in Heiton (ROX); from the gift of William de Wepunt, half a ploughgate of land in Longnewton; from the gift of Countess Ada, half a ploughgate of land in Pitcorthie (FIF), with a toft and croft in Crail (FIF); from the gift of Beatrice de Beauchamp, land in the burgh of Roxburgh which Roger, the janitor, held, 2 marks yearly in Ednam (ROX), the rent of the land which belonged to Ormne from the burgh of Roxburgh within the gate, the land which John the priest had in the same burgh outwith the gate, 2 ½ marks yearly the canons of St James of Northampton are obliged to pay for the pension of the church of Bozeat. The abbey is exempt from tithes on new lands brought under cultivation by them or at their expense. They are also exempt from tithes on the offspring of their animals. They are permitted to take in whatever clerics or laymen have fled from the secular world and have converted freely, and to retain them without any contradiction. None of the brothers, after making their profession, shall be permitted to depart the cloister without the permission of the abbot; no one may intend to depart without the surety of common letters; he permits the right to celebrate divine office privately and quietly during a general interdict. In the parish churches, he is permitted to choose one canon out of three or four canons and present him to the bishop, who may commit cure of souls to them so that they may answer for spiritual and temporal dues. He also allows the privilege of anointment, holy oil, dedications of the altar or basilica, benedictions of the abbots, ordinations of the clerics or monks, and all other ecclesiastical sacraments. Within the cloisters or granges of the monastery, no one may commit theft or robbery, or seize or murder men. Burial, for those who shall decide to be buried in that place, will be unimpeded, except for those excommunicated or under interdict, saving justice to the church where they are buried. They have freedom to elect their abbot. No one shall promulgate a sentence of excommunication, suspension or interdict without just cause. Nor shall one dare to restrain the masters of the schools in the parish of Lanark and other parishes. The pope directs that no man is permitted to disturb the church or carry away its possessions; saving to the bishop canonical justice and reverence and the authority of the apostolic see. Should any secular person attempt to go against this, after three warnings if he should not make amends, he may lost his honour and be liable to divine justice, and subject himself to retribution.
Firm date
10 May 1184
Dating Notes
6 id May, 1283 [sic 1183], pontifical year 3
Place date (modern)
Place date (document)
Related Place
Source for Data Entry
Dryburgh Liber, no. 249
Trad. ID
Dryb. Lib., no. 249
Calendar number
Charter type
Papal privilege: general confirmation

Total number of associated factoids: 17

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Date Short Summary Primary Witnesses
unavailable Gift of Kedslie, etc. no
unavailable Gift of 'Langelaw' (Bangly Hill, ELO) no
unavailable Gift of land in Smailholm (ROX) no
unavailable Gift of land in Heiton (ROX) no
unavailable Gift of land in Longnewton no
unavailable Gift of land in Pitcorthie (FIF) no
unavailable Gift of land in the burgh of Roxburgh no
10 May 1184 Grant of a privilege of protection, confirming possessions, rights, and immunities yes

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Date Short Summary Holder Lord
10 May 1184 Land in Roxburgh which Roger, the janitor, held Roger, janitor (ROX)
10 May 1184 Land which belonged to Orm in the burgh of Roxburgh Orm, son of Eilaf
10 May 1184 Land outside the burgh of Roxburgh