People of Medieval Scotland
1093 - 1371

Document 2/131/10 (Dunf. Reg., no. 237)

Pope Alexander III writes to Geoffrey, abbot of Dunfermline, and the brethren there, taking the monastery into his protection; all the possessions and goods which they have or may acquire by papal permission, by the liberality of kings or the gifts of the faithful, may remain with the abbot and his successors, including Broomhill (FIF), Urquhart (FIF), Pitcorthie (FIF), Pitbauchlie (FIF), ‘Lauer’ (Pitliver, FIF?), the shire of Kirkcaldy and the church of the same villa, Monkton (MLO), two villas of Luscar (FIF), shire of Gellet (FIF), Hailes (MLO), and the church of the same villa, Primrose (FIF), the shire of Goatmilk (FIF) and the church, Pitconmark (FIF), Balweary (FIF), ‘Drumbernin’ (prob. FIF), the two Keiths (Humbie, ELO), Beath (FIF), Dunfermline outside the monastery, the shire of Kinghorn, Fod (FIF), Inveresk (MLO) with pertinents and the church of the same villa with the chapel of Cousland (MLO), Woolmet (MLO) and the church, Fetters (FIF), Penick (by Auldearn, NAI), Urquhart (MOR) with pertinents, Pitteuchar (FIF), Newburn (FIF) with pertinents and the church, Balchrystie (FIF), one dwelling in Berwick, one in Roxburgh, one in Haddington, two in Edinburgh, one in Linlithgow, one in Renfrew, one in Clackmannan and one in Stirling next to the church, and two churches in the same villa, one ploughgate of land next to the church of that villa, the lodgings of Roger the priest, the chapel of the castle of Dunipace, all the teinds of the king’s demesne in Stirling, and the teinds of the rents in the same burgh, all the cain of the king in that province, and one and a half nets there, one lodging in the burgh of Inverkeithing with the chapel of the same villa, and a lodging adjacent to that chapel, the teinds of the ferme of the burgh, the teinds of the mill and all demesne of the king in Dunfermline, one lodging in Perth with the church, one lodging with its pertinents, the chapel of the castle, the church of St Leonard, the church of Friarton (PER), all the teinds of all the king’s demesne in Perth, the eighth part of all pleas and profits of Fife and Fothrif, all the teinds of the king’s cain in those provinces, saving the right of the church of Dunkeld, the teinds of ‘merches’ (customs?), the teinds of all deer seized between Lammermuir and Tay, half the leather, tallow and fat of animals slaughtered at feasts held in Stirling and between the Forth and Tay, all materials in the king’s forest for fires and building, all oblations offered at the great altar of the church, the seventh part of the seals seized at Kinghorn, after they are tithed, all the teinds of salt and iron brought to Dunfermline for the king’s use, the whole parish of Fothrif, a draught of Aldestelle (BWK), all its serfs and all cumerlach, all the teinds of all wild mares of Fife and Fothrif, freedom from toll on all transactions for the abbey’s own needs, a half-part of passage from Inverkeithing, as held in the king’s demesne, the teinds of all cain of Clackmannan, half the king’s teinds from Argyll and Kintyre, a fishery in Perth and ‘Ledmacduuegil’ (Mastertown, FIF), 23 acres (‘jugera’) of land and a certain pasture near Dunfermline, whole head, except the tongue, of every whale or large fish coming to the shore or taken in the king’s demesne between the Forth and Tay, the church of Kellie (FIF) and the chapel of Abercrombie (FIF), the church of Kirknewton (MLO), the church of West Calder (MLO), from the grant of King Malcolm of Scots, all the men shall be free of labour-service on bridges, castles and everything else, and finally the pope establishes those liberties and immunities and customs indulged by kings of Scots, as their charters bear witness, and upon the death of the abbot, they may choose a successor. The pope directs that no man is permitted to disturb the church or carry away its possessions; saving to the bishop canonical justice and reverence and the authority of the apostolic see. Should any secular person attempt to go against this, after three warnings if he should not make amends, he may lose his honour and be liable to divine justice, and subject himself to retribution.
Firm date
7 June 1163
Dating Notes
7 id. June, 1163, pontifical year 4
Place date (modern)
Place date (document)
Related Place
Source for Data Entry
Dunfermline Registrum, no. 237
Trad. ID
Dunf. Reg., no. 237
Calendar number
Charter type
Papal privilege: general confirmation

Total number of associated factoids: 5

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Date Short Summary Primary Witnesses
7 Jun. 1163 Grant of papal protection and confirmation of properties, liberties and immunities yes