People of Medieval Scotland
1093 - 1371

Document 2/144/38 (Dryb. Lib., no. 252)

Pope Alexander [IV] commands the bishop of St Andrews and Glasgow and the abbots, priors, dean, archdeacons, provosts, archbishops and other ecclesiastical prelates in the cities and dioceses of St Andrews and Glasgow, noting how the abbot and brethren of Dryburgh have sustained injuries from malefactors, that those who had invaded the possessions, things or houses of the said brethren or had detained unjustly and who had presumed to promulgate sentences of excommunication or interdict upon the brothers, whether by the brethren themselves or others, against the indults of the apostolic see, or [who had presumed] to extort the teinds of their labours from the lands held before the General Council, which they cultivated with their own hands or at their own expenses or from the food of their animals. If one shall be a laymen, they may strike him down with a sentence of excommunication, having lit a single candle publicly; if they should be clerics or regular canons or monks, they may suspend them, without appeal, from office or benefice and neither relax the sentence, until the brethren have received full satisfaction and those laymen or secular clerics who, by injuring the brothers or others, shall be tied by a chain of anathema, [have come] to the apostolic see with letters of the diocesan bishop, [so that] they may be absolved from the same chain.
Firm date
18 July
Probable date
Dating Notes
15 kal. Aug., pontifical year 2, probably Alexander IV based on itinerary
Place date (modern)
Place date (document)
Related Place
Source for Data Entry
Dryburgh Liber, no. 252
Trad. ID
Dryb. Lib., no. 252
Calendar number
Charter type
Papal letter

Total number of associated factoids: 4

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Date Short Summary Primary Witnesses
18 Jul. Command to excommunicate anyone who injures Dryburgh Abbey yes