People of Medieval Scotland
1093 - 1371

Document 2/131/17 (Scone Lib., no. 18)

Pope Alexander III writes to Robert, abbot of Scone, and the brethren there, taking the church into his protection; all the possessions and goods which they have or may acquire by papal permission, by the liberality of kings or the gifts of the faithful, may remain with the abbot and his successors, including, from the gift of Alexander, late king of Scots, Innerbuist (PER), with seven ploughgates of land, Banchory (PER) with three ploughgates of land, Fodderance (Lintrose, ANG), with one ploughgate, Kinnochtry (PER or ANG), with one ploughgate of land, Fingask (PER) with one ploughgate, Durdie (PER), with three ploughgates, Clien (PER), with three ploughgates, Liff (ANG), with six ploughgates, Gourdie (ANG), with ten ploughgates, Invergowrie (PER), with three ploughgates; five tofts, one each at Edinburgh, Stirling, Inverkeithing, Perth, Aberdeen, two nets in the River Tay, one at Kincarrathie and the other in the King’s Inch; also, one net in the River Forth at Stirling, the cain and custom of one ship yearly, as in the king’s charter; all the hides of sheep and lambs, the hide of a cow or an ox, half the hides, tallow and grease and the teinds of all bread and hunting of the king, and the island of Loch Tay (PER) with its pertinents. From the gift of King David, for the lighting of the church 20s. from the ferme of Perth, 10s. from the ferme of the mill of Perth, Cambusmichael (PER), with lands, waters, meadows, pastures, wood, and fishing, the full teinds of the king’s provender, his malt and his cain of hides and cheeses, from the four manors of Gowrie (PER), Scone (PER), Coupar Angus (ANG), Longforgan (PER) and from Strathardle (PER), the teinds of the king’s two mills of [the River] Almond (PER), the church of Loquhariot (Borthwick, MLO), with the teinds and customs, the church of Carrington (MLO), the teinds of all the parish of Scone, in food, cheese, captured fish and in all other teind-able things; free transit to the king’s port; free licence to take material from the king’s forest throughout Scotland for building the church of Scone and their houses; also, from each arable [ploughgate?] of all the land, for their conveth, on the feast of All Saints, one cow, two pigs, four weights of flour and 10 thraves of oats and ten hens and twelve eggs and 10 handfuls of candles and four pennyworths of soap (‘nummatas sauonis’) and 20 half-melas of cheese. From the gift of King Malcolm, all the teinds of the crops of Longforgan, one full toft in the burgh of Linlithgow, common pasture for the abbot and his men. The pope also establishes the customs and liberties granted by the kings as contained in their charters; the right to celebrate divine office privately and quietly during a general interdict. The pope decrees that burial, for those who shall decide to be buried in that place, will be unimpeded, except for those excommunicated or under interdict, saving justice to the parish church. The pope directs that no man is permitted to disturb the church or carry away its possessions; saving to the bishop canonical justice and reverence and the authority of the apostolic see. Should any secular person attempt to go against this, after three warnings if he should not make amends, he may lost his honour and be liable to divine justice, and subject himself to retribution.
Firm date
5 December 1164
Dating Notes
Non. Dec., 1164, pontifical year 6
Place date (modern)
Place date (document)
Related Place
Source for Data Entry
Scone Liber, no. 18
Trad. ID
Scone Lib., no. 18
Calendar number
Charter type
Papal privilege: general confirmation

Total number of associated factoids: 13

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Date Short Summary Primary Witnesses
unavailable Gift of Alexander, king of Scots no
unavailable Gift of King David to Scone Abbey no
unavailable Gift of King Malcolm to Scone Abbey no
unavailable Customs and liberties granted by kings no
5 Dec. 1164 Confirmation of gifts made to Scone Abbey yes

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Date Short Summary Holder Lord
5 Dec. 1164 Two mills on the Almond David I, king of Scots (d.1153)