People of Medieval Scotland
1093 - 1371

Document 2/140/61 (Dunf. Reg., no. 272)

Pope Gregory IX takes the church of Dunfermline into his protection; the possessions and goods which the abbot possesses canonically and other privileges and goods which he has or may acquire by papal permission, by the liberality of kings or the gifts of the faithful, shall remain with him and his successors, including the place where the monastery is situated, the churches of Perth (PER), Stirling (SLT), Musselburgh (MLO), Kellie (FIF), Newburn (FIF), Kinglassie (FIF), Kirkcaldy (FIF), Abercrombie (FIF), Hailes (MLO), Woolmet (MLO), Kirknewton (MLO), Melville (MLO), Moulin (PER), Inverkeithing (FIF), Strathardle (PER), Kinghorn (FIF), and Dunkeld with all their pertinents; the burgh of Dunfermline on that side of the water where the monastery is situated, and all oblations of the great altars, 23 acres of land and pasture next to Dunfermline, half the passage of St Margaret the Queen, all of Kirkcaldy, the shire or Newburn, the shire of Goatmilk (FIF), the lands of Fetters (FIF), ‘Forduuin’, ‘Drummernac’ (PER), Bendochy (PER), Couttie (PER), ‘Incheturphin’ (PER), Keithick (PER) and Moulin, the mansiones in Edinburgh, Haddington, Roxburgh, Berwick, Stirling and Perth, the cell of Urquhart in Moray with the church and lands, the eighth part of all pleas and complaints in Fife and Fothrif; the teinds of crops and prebends of the king from Kinghorn, Kellie, and Crail (FIF); 20s. annually from the king’s ferme of Fithkil (Leslie), the teinds of the king’s malt and prebend from Clackmannan (CLA); the whole half of the teinds of profits and all rents from Argyll and Kintyre; the teinds of all deer seized between Lammermuir and Tay; half the leather, tallow and fat of animals slaughtered at feasts held in Stirling and between the Forth and Tay; each Saturday at court around Lammermuir one hide and every sixth Saturday two hides, and two parts tallow and six hides of rams and lambs; the whole head, except the tongue, of every whale caught and half of the small fish caught between the Forth and Tay; the whole teind of all the king’s demesne in Stirling and the rents of the burgh and all the king’s cain in the same province; the burgh and port of Musselburgh with all its liberties; Inveresk major and minor (MLO), the villae of Woolmet (MLO), Carberry (MLO), Smeaton (MLO), Hailes (MLO) and West Kinghorn (FIF), the annual rent of 100s. in Edinburgh, from the day of King Malcolm’s funeral; the fisheries which he has in Berwick and the other burghs, ‘Ledmacduuegil’ (Mastertown, FIF), all materials in the king’s forest, for fires and building their houses, the liberties and immunities which Malcolm primo [i.e. III], Alexander, David, Malcolm secundo [i.e. IV], and William, and Alexander, his son, kings of Scots, granted; for their own uses, they shall be free from all tolls and secular customs through the kingdom of Scotland, all the men shall be free of labour-service on bridges, castles and everything else, as contained in their charters. The abbey is exempt from tithes on new lands brought under cultivation by them or at their expense. They are also exempt from tithes on the offspring of their animals. They are permitted to take in whatever clerics or laymen have fled from the secular world and have converted freely, and to retain them without any contradiction. None of the brothers, after making their profession, shall be permitted to depart without the permission of the abbot, except to take up stricter orders; no one may intend to depart without the surety of common letters; they are permitted the right to celebrate divine office privately and quietly during a general interdict. They shall have the privilege of anointment, holy oil, dedications of the altar or basilica, benedictions of the abbots, ordinations of the clerics or monks, and all other ecclesiastical sacraments, preferred from any bishop in the kingdom of the Scots who is in communion with the apostolic see. No one is permitted to construct a chapel or oratory within the boundaries of the parishes of the churches, without the assent of the bishop, saving the privileges of the papacy. Burial, for those who shall decide to be buried in that place, will be unimpeded, except for those excommunicated or under interdict, saving justice to the church where they are buried. On the death of the abbot, or his successors, no one may be advanced to that office by deceit or violence, unless the brothers by common consent, or a majority of them, shall provide that the abbot be elected in accordance with the Benedictine rule. Within the cloisters of the monastery, no one may commit arson or theft, robbery, or seize or murder men. He establishes all the liberties and immunities granted by his predecessors. None of the men are permitted to disturb the monastery or carry away its possessions.
Firm date
8 October 1234
Dating Notes
8 id. Oct., 1234, pontifical year 8
Place date (modern)
Place date (document)
Related Place
Source for Data Entry
Dunfermline Registrum, no. 272
Trad. ID
Dunf. Reg., no. 272
Calendar number
Charter type
Papal privilege: protection

Total number of associated factoids: 9

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Date Short Summary Primary Witnesses
8 Oct. 1234 Grant of papal protection and confirmation of land, possessions, and privileges yes