Pope Innocent III writes to Adam, abbot of Newbattle, and the brethren there, taking the monastery into his protection; all the possessions and goods which they have or may acquire by papal permission, by the liberality of kings or the gifts of the faithful, may remain with the abbot and his successors, including the place on which the monastery is founded, with its pertinents, the grange of Moorfoot (MLO) and one salt-pan of ‘Blankeland’ in addition to all its forest, pannage, bark and timber for building, which David, late king of Scots, granted and established by his script, with Newbattle (MLO) and ‘Ruchalc’ (in Newbattle, MLO) at its foundation; from the gift of Malcolm, king of Scots, nepos of the same King David, the land of Gocelin the cook called ‘Gocelynestun’ (MLO) and the grange of Drumpellier (LAN) in Clydesdale, and the remaining liberties which the same king conferred to the abbey; from the gift of Bishop Herbert of Glasgow, a fishery in the water of Clyde with the land called Carmyle (LAN), as the charter of the same bears witness; from the gift of Geoffrey, abbot of Dunfermline, with the consent of all the chapter, one toft in Musselburgh (MLO); from the gift of Robert, son of Geoffrey, the grange of Bearford (ELO) and of Prora (ELO); from the gift of Philip de Vermelles, the grange of Romanno (PEB); from the gift of Edward, son of Peter of Restalrig, one toft in Leith (MLO) and the land of Mount Lothian (MLO); from the gift of David, son of Robert, one peatery called ‘Wluestrother’ (in Borthwick, MLO); from the gift of Robert de Quincy, the grange of Preston (ELO), as the charter of Robert and his son, Saher, bears witness; from the gift of Ranulph de Soules, one ploughgate of land in Gilmerton (MLO); from the gift of Ness of London, one meadow next to Prora; from the gift of Peter Graham and Henry, his son, the land called ‘Balnebuth’; from the gift of William of Lindsay, the grange of Crawford (LAN) and one toft in the land of ‘Benyn’ (poss. Binny, WLO); from the gift of Jocelin, of good memory, bishop of Glasgow, one toft in Glasgow (LAN); from the gift of Alexander de St Martin, one peatery called ‘Crumberstrother’; from the gift of Thomas Malherb, one marsh next to Bearford (ELO); from the gift of Oliver, son of Kilvert, one ploughgate of land in the territory of South Hailes (ELO) and common pasture for 300 sheep; from the gift of Arnold Bernane, one toft in Berwick above the Ness; from the gift of Alan, son of Walter, one fishery and one toft in Renfrew (RNF); from the gift of Hugh Giffard, the land called ‘Cressewell’ (Monkrigg, ELO) with all its pertinents; in addition to the composition made between Newbattle and the canons of St Andrews concerning the teinds of the granges of Bearford, Prora and ‘Cressewell’, and the composition made between Newbattle and the canons of Holyrood concerning the teinds of the grange of Preston. Everyone is debarred from presuming to exact teinds from them, in respect of their labours which they cultivate with their own hands or at their expense, held before the general council, whether from gardens and orchards and their fisheries or of food for their animals. They are permitted to take in whatever clerics or laymen have fled from the secular world and have converted freely, and to retain them without any contradiction. None of the brothers, after making their profession, shall be permitted to depart the cloister without the permission of the abbot; no one may intend to depart without the surety of common letters, but if this happens, the abbot may promulgate regular sentences against the monks and converts. He prohibits anyone from giving or alienating lands or other benefices of the church without the consent of all the chapter or a major or sound part of it; if this shall happen, he shall decree it invalid. The pope prohibits any of the monks or converts under profession, without the consent and licence of the abbot and a major part of the chapter, to guarantee or accept some borrowed money beyond the price of the chapter unless it is useful to the house. But if by chance he presumes to do [this], the convent shall not be made to answer for it to a certain degree. They are permitted in their own cases, whether civil or criminal, to maintain disputes, to use testimonies of their brethren, lest through the absence of witnesses justice is lost. He inhibits any bishop or another persona to go to synods or foreign convents, or to subject their possessions to secular justice, nor may he impede the regular election of the abbot against the statutes of the Cistercian order. If the bishop in which parish the house is founded should bless an alternate bishop and refuse to confer on the abbot others which pertain to the episcopal office, the abbot is permitted, if he is still a priest, to bless his own novices and others. For the consecration of altars or churches, whether by holy oil or another ecclesiastic sacrament, no one may extort from the abbot by any means. If the seat of the diocesan bishop shall be vacant in the meantime, they may receive all ecclesiastical sacraments from a neighbouring bishop freely and without contradiction. If that bishop shall be in communion with the apostolic see, they shall receive from him the benedictions of equipment and vestments, consecrations of altars, and ordinations of monks. If bishops, or rectors of other churches, promulgate sentences of suspension, excommunication or interdict in the monastery, or on personae established in that place, or their mercenaries, for whom they do not pay teinds, which have been indulged by apostolic kindness to the abbot, or if they had brought forward the same sentence upon his benefactors, this was against the indults of the apostolic see. During a general interdict in the land, they are permitted to celebrate divine office privately and quietly. He has established all the liberties and immunities granted by his predecessors and those liberties and exemptions of secular exaction indulged by David, Malcolm, of good memory, and William, king of Scots, by princes or other faithful. Within their enclosures or granges, no one may commit theft or robbery, arson, shed blood, or seize or murder men. The pope directs that no man is permitted to disturb the monastery or carry away its possessions; saving the authority of the apostolic see. Should any secular person attempt to go against this, after three warnings if he should not make amends, he may lost his honour and be liable to divine justice, and subject himself to retribution.