People of Medieval Scotland
1093 - 1371

Document 2/143/184 (Kel. Lib., no. 460 )

Description
Pope Innocent IV, following the example of his predecessors, Innocent, Adrian, Alexander, Lucius, Celestine and Honorius, takes the monastery of Kelso into his protection; the possessions and goods which they possess canonically and other privileges and goods which they have or may acquire by papal permission, by the liberality of kings or the gifts of the faithful, shall remain with the abbot and his successors, including the villa of Kelso (ROX), Redden (ROX), Bowden (ROX), Midlem (ROX), Whitmuir (SLK), Selkirk (SLK), Whitlaw (SLK), Traverlen (Duddingston, MLO), with all the dwellings houses they have in the burgh of Roxburgh; in the bishopric of Glasgow, the churches and schools of Roxburgh free from all rents, sinodalia and corrody as granted by Herbert, late bishop of Glasgow and with the parish as in the time of David, late king of Scots and John, bishop of Glasgow; the churches of Sprouston (ROX) and Maxwell (ROX), the chapel of St Thomas the Martyr of Harlaw (ROX), the churches of Mow (ROX), Bowden (ROX), Selkirk ‘monachorum’, Selkirk Regis, Innerleithen (PEB), West Linton (PEB), Dunsyre (LAN), Wiston (LAN), Cambusnethan (LAN), the church and cell of St Machutus of Lesmahagow, the church of Dumfries (DMF) with the parish within and without the burgh, with the chapel of the castle, the church of the villa of Simon Lockhart (Symington, LAN), the churches of Thankerton (LAN), Kilmaurs (AYR), Staplegordon (DMF), Morton (DMF), Trailflat (DMF), Dumgree (DMF), as contained in the script of Jocelin, late bishop of Glasgow; in the bishopric of St Andrews the churches of Makerstoun (ROX) and Home (BWK), the chapel of Wedderlie (BWK), the churches of Gordon (BWK), Fogo (BWK), Greenlaw (BWK) with the chapels of Lambden (BWK) and Halliburton, the churches of Langton (BWK), Simprim (BWK), Horndean (BWK) and Keith (ELO); 20s. yearly in the chapel of Keith-Marischal (ELO), the church of Mid Calder (MLO), the church of Cranston (MLO) with lands, teinds and all pertinents and the churches named as in the script of the late Hugh, bishop of St Andrews and Roger, bishop-elect of St Andrews; in Cumberland the church of Lazonby with pertinents, in addition, in Ednam (ROX), three ploughgates and one oxgang of land; in Sprouston, one ploughgate of measured land with apple-orchard and croft with common easements in pastures and turbaries of Redden and Sprouston; three oxgangs and 10 acres of land with three acres of meadow; in Hadden (ROX), one ploughgate of land; in Mow, two oxgangs of land with meadow and common pasture and easements; in Berwick, one ploughgate of land with a dwelling and a toft, one dwelling in the burgh and 40s. annually from the customs of the same burgh; a seventh part of the mills and land that belonged to Dodin and Walthef, son of Arnabol, in the same burgh with half of one fishery called Berwickstream and Woodhorn; in Lammermuir (BWK), certain shielings of ‘Spertilden’ (in Bothwell), from the donation of Earl C[ospatrick]; and from the donation of W[illiam] de Vieuxpont the shielings of Stobswood and Dirrington; in the Carse one saltpan; in Renfrew, one toft, one ship and one net in the fishery, the lands of the tofts and rents which Kelso has in Roxburgh, Berwick, Jedburgh, Lanark, Edinburgh, Haddington and Peebles, and elsewhere; the teinds of animals, pigs and cheese of the king’s cain of four tallies [cadrez] from Galloway, which Earl David held during the life of King Alexander; the teinds of deer hides, half the animal hides and skins of sheep and lambs, and oil and tallow in Clydesdale, Tweeddale, Teviotdale from the king’s curia; the land which they held in Makerstoun and Colpenhope (ROX); in the bishopric of Aberdeen, the church of Peterculter (ABD); in the bishopric of Moray, the church of Birnie (MOR); in the bishopric of St Andrews the church of Ormiston (ELO); in the bishopric of Glasgow, the church of Strathaven (LAN) and in the church of Campsie (STL) an annual rent of 10 marks, and from the gift the nobleman Robert of London the land called Ruthven (ANG); in the bishopric of Durham, the wasteland called Merchingley; the lands and pastures which they have in the villas of Mow and Gordon and elsewhere as contained in the charters of the donors. The abbey is exempt from tithes on new lands brought under cultivation by them or at their expense. They are also exempt from tithes on the offspring of their animals. They are permitted to take in whatever clerics or laymen have fled from the secular world and have converted freely, and to retain them without any contradiction. None of the brothers, after making their profession, shall be permitted to depart without the permission of the abbot; no one may intend to depart without the surety of common letters; they are permitted the right to celebrate divine office privately and quietly during a general interdict. In the parish churches, he is permitted to elect clerics or priests and present [them] to the bishop; if they are suitable, the bishop may commit cure of souls to them so that they may answer for spiritual and temporal dues. They may have the privilege of anointment, holy oil, dedications of the altar or basilica, benedictions of the abbots, ordinations of the clerics or monks, and all other ecclesiastical sacraments, preferred from any bishop in the kingdom of the Scots who is Catholic and in communion with the apostolic see. The pope decrees that burial, for those who shall decide to be buried in that place, will be unimpeded, except for those excommunicated or under interdict, saving justice to the church where they are buried. On the death of the abbot, or his successors, no one may be advanced to that office by deceit or violence, unless the brothers by common consent, or a majority of them, shall provide that the abbot be elected in accordance with the Benedictine rule. He establishes the liberties and immunities granted by David and Malcolm and William, king of Scots, Robert, Arnold, Richard, Hugh and Roger, bishops of St Andrews, and Herbert, Engelram and Jocelin, bishops of Glasgow. He grants that if any archbishop, bishop, or other prelate of churches promulgates a sentence of excommunication, suspension, or interdict against anyone from Kelso’s community, that sentence has no force. No one is permitted to construct a cemetery or oratory within the boundaries of the parishes of the churches, or enclosed wasteland, without the assent of the monastery and canons, saving the privileges of the papacy. No one shall impose new or undue exactions or customs of the churches or chapels. Within the cloisters of the monastery, no one may commit arson or theft, robbery, or seize or murder men. The pope directs that no man is permitted to disturb the church or carry away its possessions; saving to the bishop canonical justice and reverence and the authority of the apostolic see. Should any secular person attempt to go against this, after three warnings if he should not make amends, he may lost his honour and be liable to divine justice, and subject himself to retribution.
Firm date
28 June 1243 X 7 December 1254
Dating Notes
Pontificate of Innocent IV
Source for Data Entry
Kelso Liber, ii, no. 460
Trad. ID
Kel. Lib., no. 460
Calendar number
2/143/184
Charter type
Papal privilege: general confirmation
Language
Latin

Total number of associated factoids: 60

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Date Short Summary Primary Witnesses
unavailable Gifts of possessions in St Andrews Diocese to Kelso Abbey no
unavailable Gift of shielings of Spartleton (in Bothwell) no
unavailable Gift of shielings of Stobswood and Dirrington (BWK) no
unavailable Gift of Ruthven (ANG) no
unavailable Concession of liberties and immunities granted to Kelso Abbey no
unavailable Concession of liberties and immunities granted to Kelso Abbey no
unavailable Concession of liberties and immunities granted to Kelso Abbey no
unavailable Concession of liberties and immunities granted to Kelso Abbey no
unavailable Concession of liberties and immunities granted to Kelso Abbey no
unavailable Concession of liberties and immunities granted to Kelso Abbey no
unavailable Concession of liberties and immunities granted to Kelso Abbey no
unavailable Concession of liberties and immunities granted to Kelso Abbey no
unavailable Concession of liberties and immunities granted to Kelso Abbey no
unavailable Concession of liberties and immunities granted to Kelso Abbey no
unavailable Concession of liberties and immunities granted to Kelso Abbey no
unavailable Previous papal confirmation to Kelso Abbey no
unavailable Previous papal confirmation to Kelso Abbey no
unavailable Previous papal confirmation to Kelso Abbey no
unavailable Previous papal confirmation to Kelso Abbey no
unavailable Previous papal confirmation to Kelso Abbey no
unavailable Previous papal confirmation to Kelso Abbey no
unavailable Grant of churches and schools of Roxburgh with parish no
unavailable Gift of Jocelin, bishop of Glasgow to Kelso Abbey no
28 Jun. 1243 X 7 Dec. 1254 Confirmation of possessions of Kelso Abbey yes


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Date Short Summary Title Holder
28 Jun. 1243 X 7 Dec. 1254 bishop of St Andrews Hugh, bishop of St Andrews (d.1188)
28 Jun. 1243 X 7 Dec. 1254 bishop-elect Roger, bishop of St Andrews (d.1202)
28 Jun. 1243 X 7 Dec. 1254 earl Cospatric, earl of Dunbar (d.1166)
28 Jun. 1243 X 7 Dec. 1254 Earl David I, king of Scots (d.1153)
28 Jun. 1243 X 7 Dec. 1254 king of Scots Alexander I, king of Scots (d.1124)
28 Jun. 1243 X 7 Dec. 1254 king of Scots Malcolm IV, king of Scots (d.1165)
28 Jun. 1243 X 7 Dec. 1254 king of Scots William I, king of Scots (d.1214)
28 Jun. 1243 X 7 Dec. 1254 bishop of St Andrews Robert, bishop of St Andrews (d.1159)
28 Jun. 1243 X 7 Dec. 1254 bishop of St Andrews Arnold, bishop of St Andrews (d.1162)
28 Jun. 1243 X 7 Dec. 1254 bishop of St Andrews Richard, bishop of St Andrews (d.1178)
28 Jun. 1243 X 7 Dec. 1254 bishop of St Andrews Roger, bishop of St Andrews (d.1202)
28 Jun. 1243 X 7 Dec. 1254 bishop of Glasgow Ingram, bishop of Glasgow (d.1174)
28 Jun. 1243 X 7 Dec. 1254 pope Innocent IV, pope (d.1254)
28 Jun. 1243 X 7 Dec. 1254 pope Innocent II, pope (d.1143)
28 Jun. 1243 X 7 Dec. 1254 pope Adrian IV, pope (d.1159)
28 Jun. 1243 X 7 Dec. 1254 pope Alexander III, pope (d.1181)
28 Jun. 1243 X 7 Dec. 1254 pope Lucius III, pope (d.1185)
28 Jun. 1243 X 7 Dec. 1254 pope Celestine III, pope (d.1198)
28 Jun. 1243 X 7 Dec. 1254 pope Honorius III, pope (d.1227)
28 Jun. 1243 X 7 Dec. 1254 bishop of Glasgow Herbert, bishop of Glasgow (d.1164)
28 Jun. 1243 X 7 Dec. 1254 king of Scots David I, king of Scots (d.1153)
28 Jun. 1243 X 7 Dec. 1254 bishop of Glasgow John, bishop of Glasgow (d.1147)
28 Jun. 1243 X 7 Dec. 1254 bishop of Glasgow Jocelin, bishop of Glasgow (d.1199)


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Date Short Summary Holder Lord
undated Symington (LAN) Simon Lockhart (12C)
28 Jun. 1243 X 7 Dec. 1254 Wiston (LAN) Wice of Wiston
28 Jun. 1243 X 7 Dec. 1254 Land of Dodin in Berwick Dodin of Duddingston
28 Jun. 1243 X 7 Dec. 1254 Land of Waltheof, son of Arnabol in Berwick Waltheof, son of Arnabol
28 Jun. 1243 X 7 Dec. 1254 Teinds of king’s cain of 4 tallies [cadrez] from Galloway David I, king of Scots (d.1153)
28 Jun. 1243 X 7 Dec. 1254 Land and rents (various) of Kelso Abbey Kelso Abbey