John of Graham, the knight, son and heir of Sir Nicholas of Graham, gave, granted and by this his present charter established, for himself and his heirs, to Melrose Abbey, the whole land of Eskdale (DMF) conveyed to the monks by his ancestors, which the monks held before his time, for the salvation of him and his wife, and the souls of his relatives, ancestors and successors. Additionally, he gave, granted and by this his present charter established to the monks all the right and claim which John or his ancestors had, or John or all his heirs and successors will be able to have in perpetuity, to any right of title in the lands of Eskdale. Additionally, he revokes by the present [charter] whatever right, he and his ancestors had, and he and his heirs and sucessors will be able to have, within the bounds and marches of the land by reason of any reservations or customs. He also grants the aforesaid so that the monks of Melrose may have and possess everything in free, pure and perpetual alms, unbound from all secular service, exaction and demand, and from all annoyance and impediment by him, his heirs, his successors, his bailies and all his men. He and his heirs and successors will be able to extract nothing for the lands, etc. except the support of the prayers of the faithful. John promises warrandice, and additionally, he wishes that whenever brigands or malefactors may be sentenced to death by the monks’ bailies in the court of the abbot and convent, the penalty of death, following the law of the country, is to be carried out at the gallows of Westerkirk by the chosen bailies of John and his heirs and successors, without any opposition.
20 October 1299 X 1311
probably before 8 May 1309
appearance of predecessor of Walran, abbot of Kelso × death of Alexander de Balliol, prob. before the production of _Melr. Lib._, ii, no. 378