People of Medieval Scotland
1093 - 1371

Document 1/51/2 (Foedera, i, II, 781-2)

John, king of Scots, makes known that he has made and sworn to his liege-lord, lord Edward, king of England and overlord of the realm of Scotland, at Norham, on Thursday in the feast of St Edmund the king and martyr, in the year 1292 and in the reign of the said lord Edward the twenty-first beginning, in the presence of William, bishop of St Andrews, Robert, bishop of Glasgow, John, earl of Buchan, William, earl of Ross, Patrick, earl of March, Walter, earl of Menteith, James, steward of Scotland; Alexander of Argyll, Alexander de Balliol, lord of Cavers, Patrick Graham, and William Sinclair, in this manner: “My lord, Edward, king of England, overlord of the realm of Scotland, I, John de Balliol, king of Scots, give fealty to you for the realm of Scotland, which I hold and claim to hold from you; I bring to you faith and fealty of life, limb and earthly honour, against all men, and faithfully recognising and giving service to you, owed from the said realm of Scotland as God may favour me and these Holy Gospels.” [Foedera follows with a French translation of the above oath; followed by a French translation of the same notification.]
Firm date
Thursday 20 November 1292
Dating Notes
Thursday following, that is, the 20th day of November, in the feast of Blessed Edmund, king and martyr, King Edward's 20th year
Place date (modern)
Place date (document)
Related Place
Source for Data Entry
Foedera, i, II, 781-2
Trad. ID
Foedera, i, II, 781-2
Calendar number
Charter type

Total number of associated factoids: 16

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Date Short Summary Primary Witnesses
Thursday 20 Nov. 1292 Fealty performed by King John Balliol yes