The disappearance of Thomas of Galloway, earl of Atholl, as Adam son of Edulf’s lord, suggests that this charter was written after his death in 1231. It is likely that the lands passed from Alan of Galloway to Roger de Quincy by his marriage to Helen of Galloway, after Alan’s death in 1234. Roger de Quincy is not yet called constable or earl.
in (free, pure and/or perpetual) alms; of me and my heirs
Tenendas original language
in liberam et puram et perpetuam elemosinam
de me et heredibus meis
free and quit from all service and/or aid, custom and exaction; free from all suits of court, except chief pleas
Exemptions original language
ab omni seruicio et exaccione et secta curie et demanda