People of Medieval Scotland
1093 - 1371

Robert Bruce I (d.1142)

Biography
Robert de Bruce (Brus) was perhaps the son of Robert (or Adam) de Brus, who may have fought at the Battle of Hastings in 1066. Soon after September 1106, he might have been given eighty manors in Yorkshire from Henry I, as well as some around Skelton, and around 1119 he received Hart and Harness in Durham. He founded the Augustinian prior of Guisborough (Yorkshire) probably in 1119 - his brother, William, was the first prior. He may have had another brother, Peter. In 1124, David I granted Annandale to Robert, which the family kept for generations. He married Agnes, probable daughter of Geoffrey Bainard, sheriff of York, by whom he had two sons, Adam (d. 1143), and Robert (II). Robert died on 11 May 1142. A.A.M. Duncan, 'Robert (I) de Brus, lord of Annandale', ODNB, viii, 372; [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/3748]
Floruits
1124 × 1139
Matrix
Robert Bruce I (d.1142)
Grantor Beneficiary relationships
» Gephi Visualisation

Total number of associated factoids: 19

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Date Short Summary Role Witnesses Source
unavailable Lands of Edrom and Nisbet (BWK) to be free, quit, and in peace to monks of Coldingham Judge 3/3/3 (Chrs. David I, no. 78)
unavailable Gift of churches in Annandale Grantor 2/7/10 (SEA, i, no. 71)
23 Apr. 1124 X 1129 Gift of Annandale (DMF) Beneficiary Alan de Percy (le Meschin), son of Alan; Berengar Engaine; Edmund, chamberlain; Eustace fitz John (d.1157); Hervey, son of Warin; Hugh de Moreville (I) (d.1162); Ranulf Soulis, king's butler (d.1165×72); William de Moreville (early 12C); William de Somerville (I) 1/4/1 (Chrs. David I, no. 16)
9 Apr. 1139 X 1141 Command to allow lands given in alms to be free, quiet, and in peace; and to restore oxen to monks (of Coldingham) named person (transaction) Adam, son of Edward, sheriff of Bamburgh; Robert de Umfraville (d.c.1145) 3/3/3 (Chrs. David I, no. 78)
24 Dec. 1165 X 1174 Succession of all lands of Robert de Brus in Annandale named person (transaction) Christian, bishop of Whithorn (d.1186); Gilbert or Gilla Brigte of Carrick, son of Fergus of Galloway (d.1184/5); Gilbert, son of Richer; Henry Lovell, lord of Hawick; Hugh, king's clerk (TRW); Ingram, bishop of Glasgow (d.1174); Odinel de Umfraville (d.1182); Richard de Moreville (d.1189 or 1190); Richard of Lincoln, bishop of Moray (d.1203); Robert de Chartres, brother of Walcher (12C); Robert, son of Truite; Roger of Minto; Roland (Lachlan), lord of Galloway (d.1200); Simon Lockhart (12C); Uhtred, lord of Galloway (d.1174); Walter Corbet; Walter of Windsor; Walter Stewart (I), son of Alan (d.1177); William de Mortimer (12C); William Hay (I), lord of Errol (d.c.1201) 1/6/64 (RRS, ii, no. 80)


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Date Short Summary Source
25 Dec. 1113 X 27 Apr. 1124 knight 3/2/1 (Chrs. David I, no. 3)


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Date Short Summary Source
25 December 1113 X 27 April 1124 Gift of a rent of 100s. 3/2/1 (Chrs. David I, no. 3)
Autumn 1114 X 27 April 1124 Grant of lands to Selkirk Abbey 3/2/6 (Chrs. David I, no. 14)
23 April 1124 X 1130 Command to let the monks of Northampton have the church of Brafield free and quit from all service that pertains to him 1/1000/8 (Chrs. David I, no. 45)
23 April 1124 X 1131 Command that monks of St Andrew's priory, Northampton, should freely and quietly hold the church of Potton (Beds.) as free alms 1/1000/7 (Chrs. David I, no. 40)
23 April 1126 X 24 March 1127 Gift of lands in Lothian 1/4/10 (Chrs. David I, nos 31, 32)
circa 17 July 1127 Notification that bishop of St Andrews claims nothing from Coldingham Priory 1/4/9 (Chrs. David I, no. 30)
1128 × 1136 Gift of Govan (LAN) 1/4/12 (Chrs. David I, no. 34)
1128 X 1136 Concession of freedom from labour service for tenants and vassals 1/4/15 (Chrs. David I, no. 37)
1128 X 24 May 1153 Command to see that the abbot of Dunfermline receives his revenue 1/4/23 (Chrs. David I, no. 49)
1139 X 1147 Confirmation of alms given by King David 3/3/11 (Chrs. David I, no. 139)
9 April 1139 X May 1141 Renewal of gift of Dilston (Northumberland) 3/1000/23 (Chrs. David I, no. 83)
9 April 1139 X 1142 Renewal of all lands held in Northumbria of King Henry I and King Stephen 3/1000/22 (Chrs. David I, no. 82)
1143 X 24 August 1147 Gift of King David to Melrose Abbey 3/3/10 (Chrs. David I, no. 121)