People of Medieval Scotland
1093 - 1371

Document 2/137/11 (Arb. Lib., no. 221)

Pope Innocent III writes to Henry, abbot of Arbroath, and the brethren there, taking the monastery into his protection; all the possessions and goods which they have or may acquire by papal permission, by the liberality of kings or the gifts of the faithful, may remain with the abbot and his successors, including the place in which the monastery is situated and all the shire, and all pertinents by their right marches; from the gift and grant William, king of Scots, founder of the abbey, all of Ethie (ANG), ‘Achinglas’ (in Arbroath and St Vigeans) and Dunnichen (ANG) with all its shire, Kingoldrum (ANG) with its whole shire, the ferry of Montrose with the land which pertains to it, one ploughgate of land in the territory of Mondynes (KCD), another in Garvock (KCD), one full toft in each burgh and lodgings of the king, one net on the water of North Esk, another on the water of Perth, one saltpan in the Carse near Stirling with five acres of land, the liberty to found a burgh in the villa of Arbroath, and to have a harbour and market every Saturday; also, the abbey and burgesses who have land in the same burgh or who have tofts elsewhere within the king’s burghs, shall be quit and free from toll and customs through the whole realm and every port in Scotland; also, freedom of its own court, with sake, soke, toll, team, infangthief, and peace within the marches of Arbroath, as the king’s charter testifies. From the grant of R[oger], bishop of St Andrews, the church of Arbroath [shall be] free from cain and conveth and other customs as contained in his charter, the churches of Ethie, Inverkeilor (ANG), Inverlunan (ANG), Fethmuref (Barry, ANG), Glamis (ANG), Newtyle (ANG), Dunbog (FIF), Arbirlot (ANG), Nigg (KCD), with all liberties pertaining to them, as the same Bishop R. granted; from the grant of M[atthew], bishop of Aberdeen, the churches of Banchory-Ternan (KCD), Fyvie (ABD), Tarves (ABD), Inverboyndie (Boyndie, BNF), Banff (BNF), Gamrie (BNF), Coull (ABD) with all pertinents and liberties contained in the bishop’s charter; from the grant of T[urpin], bishop of Brechin, the churches of Old Montrose (ANG), Panbride (ANG), Monikie (ANG), Guthrie (ANG), Catterline (KCD), Dunnichen, Kingoldrum, with all pertinents and liberties contained in the bishop’s charter; from the grant of Jonathan, bishop of Strathearn (Dunblane), the church of Abernethy (PER) with pertinents and liberties; from the grant of Richard, bishop of Moray, the church of Inverness (INV), with the chapel of Petty (INV) and other pertinents. The abbey is exempt from tithes on new lands brought under cultivation by them or at their expense. They are also exempt from tithes on the offspring of their animals. None of the brothers, after making their profession, shall be permitted to depart the cloister; no one may intend to depart without the surety of common letters; he permits the right to celebrate divine office privately and quietly during a general interdict. In the parish churches, he is permitted to elect clerics or priests and present [them] to the bishop; if they are suitable, the bishop may commit cure of souls to them so that they may answer for spiritual and temporal dues. No one shall promulgate a sentence of excommunication, suspension or interdict without just cause. Burial, for those who shall decide to be buried in that place, will be unimpeded, except for those excommunicated or under interdict, saving justice to the church where they are buried. On the death of the abbot, or his successors, no one may be advanced to that office by deceit or violence, unless the brothers by common consent, or a majority of them, shall provide that the abbot be elected in accordance with the Benedictine rule. The pope directs that no man is permitted to disturb the church or carry away its possessions; saving to the bishop canonical justice and reverence and the authority of the apostolic see. Should any secular person attempt to go against this, after three warnings if he should not make amends, he may lost his honour and be liable to divine justice, and subject himself to retribution.
Firm date
26 April 1200
Dating Notes
6 kal. May, 1200, pontifical year 3
Place date (modern)
Place date (document)
Related Place
Source for Data Entry
Arbroath Liber, no. 221
Trad. ID
Arb. Lib., no. 221
Calendar number
Charter type
Papal privilege: general confirmation

Total number of associated factoids: 17