People of Medieval Scotland
1093 - 1371

Document 2/146/15 (Pais. Reg., 308-12)

Pope Clement IV writes to the abbot and convent of Paisley, taking the monastery into his protection; all the possessions and goods which they have or may acquire by papal permission, by the liberality of kings or the gifts of the faithful, may remain with the abbot and his successors, including the place where the monastery is situated with its pertinents, with the chapel of Lochwinnoch (RNF), the churches of Innerwick (ELO), Legerwood (BWK), Cathcart (LAN), Rutherglen (LAN), Carmunnock (LAN), Pollock (LAN), Mearns (RNF), Neilston (RNF), Kilbarchan (RNF), Eastwood (LAN & RNF), Houston (RNF), Killellan (RNF), Erskine (RNF), Kilmacolm (RNF), Inverkip (RNF), Largs (AYR), the burgh of Prestwick (AYR), the other Prestwick, Craigie (AYR), Turnberry (AYR), Dundonald (AYR), Sancher [in Kyle, aka St Quivox] (AYR), Auchinleck (AYR), [Old] Kilpatrick (DNB), ‘Neyt’ (i.e., Rosneath, DNB), Kilfinan (ARG), Kilkerran (ARG), Kilcalmonell (ARG) [St Colmanel of ‘Scybinche’(Skipness)], with chapels, lands, and all pertinents; the chapel of Kilmory at ‘Kenlochgilpe’ [Lochgilphead] (ARG); the land with pertinents which the late Duncan, son of Fearchar and Lagmann, a relative of Duncan, bestowed to the monastery; all the land which lies on either side of the water of Cart which the late Walter, son of Alan, the king’s steward, founder of the monastery, bestowed to them; a ploughgate of land formerly held by Grimketil, now called Arkleston (RNF); a ploughgate of land between the Cart and Gryf, now called Island; all the land of Drumloy (RNF) and ‘Swineshahes’; ‘le Graynis’ which is now called 'Drumgrane'; all the land of 'Hakhyncog' of Dalmilling; all the land which they have in the villa of Pollok (LAN); all the land of Dripps (LAN), which the late William, son of Maiduse, held at ferme of the monastery; that a ploughgate of land at Huntlaw (ROX), which King William exchanged with land that they have at Hassendean (ROX); a ploughgate of land which the late Eschina of Mow, mulier, had bestowed; a fishery on the water of Clyde, between Partick (LAN) and the island, called in the vernacular Renfrew; a yearly rent of half a mark which is paid from the ferme of the burgh of Renfrew; a mill in the tenement of the said burgh with running water; one full toft in the villa called Renfrew; one net for salmon which they have at Renfrew in the River Clyde; the land there next to the mill; the lands of Hillington (LAN) and Castleside (poss. referring to Crookston Castle); all the mill of Innerwick with running water; all the land of Prestwick with its pertinents which is now called in the vernacular ‘villa of the monks’ (Monkton, AYR); the land of Moniabrock (RNF) as contained in the instruments of the donor; the land of ‘Cnoc’; the mill of Paisley with full suit, from the collation of the late Walter, son of Alan, steward of the king of Scots and patron of the monastery; half the fishery at the outlet of the loch of Lochwinnoch (RNF), with liberty of fishing in the loch as often as the said steward or his heirs shall be fishing there; the land of ‘Penuld’, now called Fulton, which the late Henry de St Martin had bestowed with the assent of his lord; the land between the Maich water and the Calder; part of the land where the mill of Paisley stands, land on the other side Cart, between the Espedair burn and Old Patrick Water, given them by the said steward, with liberties in the forest of Paisley and Senescathir, as contained in the donation; land at Carnbroe (LAN), which they have from the gift of the late Uctred, son of Pagan; land at Ord, bestowed by the late Walter, called Murdoc; a rent of one chalder of corn, from the donation of the late Patrick, earl of Dunbar; a rent of one chalder of corn and half a mark at Cadzow (LAN), from the gift of the late Robert of London, brother of the late king of Scots; a rent of one mark at Kilbride, from the gift of the late Philip de Valognes; from the gift of the late Maldoven, earl of Lennox, a fishery above the Leven which is called ‘Linbren’, with the land that sits between it and the great road which goes to Dumbarton (DNB); the lands and pertinents which they have in the earldom of Lennox that are called Cochno (DNB), Edinbarnet (DNB), ‘Baccan’ (DNB), Faifley (DNB), Craigbanzeoch (DNB), ‘Drumcreve’ (DNB), Dallevenach (DNB), Duntocher (DNB), Duntiglennan (DNB), ‘Drumdeynanis’ (DNB?), Kilbowie (DNB) and ‘Reynfod’ (DNB?); all the land which they have in the place called Monachkennaran (DNB?); all the land bestowed to the monastery at Motherwell by the late Thomas, son of Thancard; land called Garrion (LAN), from the gift of the late Ralph of Clere; from the gift of the late Duncan, earl of Carrick, all the land of Crossraguel and ‘Sutheblan’ (now Blanefield, AYR); from the gift of Nobleman Alexander, patron of the monastery, two chalders of flour which they receive from the flour of Inchinnan (RNF) for the exchange of multure of ‘le Rass’; an annual rent of 2 marks which they receive from the mill of Thornton. Everyone is debarred from presuming to exact teinds from the abbot and brothers, in respect of fallow lands or of food for their animals. They are permitted to take in whatever clerics or laymen have fled from the secular world and have converted freely, and to retain them without any contradiction. None of the brothers, after making their profession, shall be permitted to depart without the permission of the abbot, unless to undertake stricter orders; no one may intend to depart without the surety of common letters; he permits the right to celebrate divine office privately and quietly during a general interdict. They may have the privilege of anointment, holy oil, dedications of the altar or basilica, benedictions of the abbots, ordinations of the clerics or monks, and all other ecclesiastical sacraments, preferred from any bishop in the kingdom of the Scots who is in communion with the apostolic see. No one is permitted to construct an oratory or chapel within the boundaries of the parishes of the churches, saving the privileges of the papacy. No archbishop, bishop, archdeacon or dean, or another shall impose new exactions or customs of the churches or chapels which are not owed. Burial, for those who shall decide to be buried in that place, will be unimpeded, except for those excommunicated or under interdict, saving justice to the church where they are buried. Also, teinds and possessions belonging to those churches, which are detained by the laity, shall be recovered and liberated from their hands. On the death of the abbot, or his successors, no one may be advanced to that office by deceit or violence, unless the brothers by common consent, or a majority of them, shall provide that the abbot be elected in accordance with the Benedictine rule. He prohibits anyone from committing robbery, theft, arson, blood-shed, seizing and killing men or committing other violence within the boundaries of the abbey’s places or granges. He has established all the liberties and immunities granted by his predecessors and those liberties and exemptions of secular exaction indulged by kings, princes or other faithful. The pope directs that no man is permitted to disturb the church or carry away its possessions; saving to the bishop canonical justice and reverence and the authority of the apostolic see. Should any secular person attempt to go against this, after three warnings if he should not make amends, he may lost his honour and be liable to divine justice, and subject himself to retribution.
Firm date
Dating Notes
1265; Based on description of seal and subscription given in _Pais. Reg._, 313 (confirmation from 1469)
Place date (modern)
Place date (document)
Related Place
Source for Data Entry
Paisley Registrum, 308-12
Trad. ID
Pais. Reg., 308-12
Calendar number
Charter type
Papal privilege: general confirmation

Total number of associated factoids: 42

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Date Short Summary Subject Object
1265 Son of Fearchar (father of Duncan) (Familial relationship) Duncan, son of Fearchar Fearchar (father of Duncan)
1265 Cognatus/consanguineus (kinsman/male cousin) of Duncan, son of Fearchar (Familial relationship) Lagmann, son of Malcolm MacFearchair Duncan, son of Fearchar
1265 Steward of William I, king of Scots (d.1214) (Employment relationship) Walter Stewart (I), son of Alan (d.1177) William I, king of Scots (d.1214)
1265 Son of Alan Stewart, son of Flaald (Familial relationship) Walter Stewart (I), son of Alan (d.1177) Alan, son of Flaald (Stewart progenitor)
1265 Son of Maiduse (father of William) (Familial relationship) William, son of Maiduse Maiduse (father of William)
1265 Patron of Paisley Abbey (fd.1169) (Tenurial & lordship relationship) Walter Stewart (I), son of Alan (d.1177) Paisley Abbey (fd.1169)
1265 Lord (dominus) of Henry de St Martin (Tenurial & lordship relationship) Walter Stewart (I), son of Alan (d.1177) Henry de St Martin
1265 Son of Pain (father of Uhtred) (Familial relationship) Uhtred, son of Pain Pain (father of Uhtred)
1265 Brother of Alexander II, king of Scots (d.1249) (Familial relationship) Robert of London (d.1225) Alexander II, king of Scots (d.1249)
1265 Son of Thancard (father of Thomas) (Familial relationship) Thomas Thancard Thancard (father of Thomas)
1265 Patron of Paisley Abbey (fd.1169) (Tenurial & lordship relationship) Alexander Stewart of Dundonald (d.1282) Paisley Abbey (fd.1169)

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Date Short Summary Holder Lord
1265 Arkleston (RNF) Grimketil
1265 Land of Paisley Abbey Paisley Abbey (fd.1169)
1265 Dripps (LAN) William, son of Maiduse Paisley Abbey (fd.1169)