People of Medieval Scotland
1093 - 1371

John, king of England (d.1216)

Biography
John was born at Oxford on 24 December 1167, the youngest son of Henry II, king of England (d.1189) and Eleanor of Aquitaine (d.1204), ex-wife of Louis VII of France. He had three brothers, Henry (d.1183), Richard (d.1199), and Geoffrey (d.1186). He married Isabella (d.1217), daughter of William, earl of Gloucester, in 1189, a marriage which was annulled shortly after he became king in 1199. He married secondly Isabella of Angoulême (d.1246), daughter of Audemar, count of Angoulême. With his second wife, he had five children: Henry III (d.1272); Richard, earl of Cornwall (d.1272); Joan (d.1237), who married Alexander II of Scotland; Eleanor (d.1275), who married William Marshal, earl of Pembroke, followed by Simon de Montfort; and Isabella (d.1241), consort of Emperor Frederick II. He had at least one illegitimate child, Joan (d.1237), who was married to Llywelyn ab Iorwerth. John died at Newark on the night of 18/19 October 1216 from dysentery, and was buried at Worcester Cathedral. http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/14841
Floruits
1189 × 1215
Related Place
ENGLAND
PoNE
http://www.pone.ac.uk/record/person/411/
Family connections
» Gephi Visualisation
Grantor Beneficiary relationships
» Gephi Visualisation

Total number of associated factoids: 76

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Date Short Summary Role Witnesses Source
unavailable Homage given to kings of England Beneficiary 2/140/63 (A-S Relations, no. 6)
unavailable Letters of William I concerning Tynedale Addressee 1/25/4 (RLC, i, 43b)
unavailable Composition between Kings William I and John I Party 2 2/139/19 (Foedera, i, I, 157)
unavailable Agreement made between King William and King John Party 2 1/6/454 (RRS, ii, no. 488)
unavailable Homage of Alexander II to King John of England Party 2 3/589/3 (Melr. Lib., no. 168)
unavailable Letters of the king of England concerning peace with William I Addressor 2/139/19 (Foedera, i, I, 157)
unavailable Agreement between Kings Henry and John of England with King William I Party 1 2/140/63 (A-S Relations, no. 6)
unavailable Homage given to the kings of England Beneficiary 2/140/63 (A-S Relations, no. 6)
6 Jun. 1199 Confirmation of churches within diocese of St Andrews, and grant to convert vacant churches 'in usus proprios' named person (transaction) Abraham of Dunkeld, master, canon (fl.1162×78); Alan of Richmond, master (fl.1189-1214×33); Andrew, dean of Lothian/Tyninghame (fl.1194-1214); Angier, master (fl.1180-1203×09); Geoffrey of Cranford; Isaac Scott, master, clerk; John of Leicester, bishop of Dunkeld (d.1214); John, dean of Fogo (fl.1194-c.1220); Marchisius de Aubini (d.1216×25); Osbert, abbot of Kelso (d.1203); Pain, son of Master Gilbert, clerk; Ralph, clerk of Bishop Roger of St Andrews; Ranulf de Wat, archdeacon of St Andrews (d.1209); Richard le Megre; Richard, chaplain of Bishop Roger of St Andrews; Robert de St Germain, master, clerk (fl.1199-1220); Robert of Berwick, abbot of Dunfermline (fl.1198-1202); Robert of St Andrews, master (fl.1195-96×1202); Thomas, prior of St Andrews (fl.1199-1211); Walter of Driffield, master (fl.1199×1200-1202×10); William de Aunay; William Malveisin, bishop of St Andrews (d.1238); William of Lyne, master (fl.1197-1202); William, abbot of Holyrood (II) (fl.1187×89-1206) 2/10/127 (SEA, i, no. 243)
30 Oct. 1200 Correspondence concerning granting of safe conduct Addressor Gilbert, son of Peter 1/25/2 (Arb. Lib., App., no. 2)
2 Feb. 1204 Confirmation of possessions of Durham Cathedral Priory Grantor Geoffrey fitz Peter, earl of Essex (d.1213); Henry de Neville; Hugh de Neville; Peter de St[...]; Ralph de Mulleton; Robert de Vieuxpont, son of William (d.1228); Robert of Braybrook; William (de Neville?); William Drywer (?) 1/25/3 (TNA, C 53/44, m. 14)
24 Jul. 1205 Letter to King William regarding unstated business Addressor 1/25/4 (RLC, i, 43b)
10 Apr. 1209 Letter to King William concerning business between him and King John Addressor 1/25/6 (RLP, i, 91a)
7 Aug. 1209 Obligation to pay 15,000 marks to King John Beneficiary Philip de Valognes, chamberlain (d.1215); Robert de Vieuxpont, son of William (d.1228); Robert of Roos (II) (d.1226/7); William Malveisin, bishop of St Andrews (d.1238) 1/6/454 (RRS, ii, no. 488)
7 Aug. 1209 *Gift of hostages mentioned in agreement Beneficiary 1/6/454 (RRS, ii, no. 488)
7/Aug/1209 Confirmation of agreement by charters of King William and King John Party 2 1/6/454 (RRS, ii, no. 488)
16 May 1212 Announcement that he has become liegeman of King John of England named person (transaction) Geoffrey fitz Peter, earl of Essex (d.1213); Peter des Roches, bishop of Winchester (d.1238); Saer de Quincy, earl of Winchester (d.1219); Warin, son of Gerald; William Briwere; William Longespée, earl of Salisbury (d.1226) 1/15/6 (Chron. Man App., no. 7)
4 May 1213 Confirmation of various lands in Roxburghshire (ROX) named person (transaction) Bernard of Hadden, sheriff of Roxburgh; David de Bonville, marischal (fl.late 12C-mid13C); Geoffrey Ridel (12/13C ROX); Ralph Cow / Vache; Reynaud of Caputh; Richard Gernun (II); Richard Nanus (le Nain); Richard of Birdsall; Richard of Heton; Richard Scot; Robert of London (d.1225); William de Valognes (d.1219); William of Turberville, knight 3/589/3 (Melr. Lib., no. 168)
28 Oct. 1213 Command to remain in fealty to king of England named person (transaction) 2/137/73 (Foedera, i, I, 116)
7 Jul. 1215 Statement concerning business against John, king of England Addressee 1/7/24 (RRS, iii, no. 24)
2 Aug. 1220 Notification of outcome of case between King Alexander II and Stephen Seagrave, procurator of King Henry III named person (transaction) 4/30/4 (Foedera, i, I, 157)
Friday 25 Sept. 1237 Agreement between kings of England and Scotland (Treaty of York) named person (transaction) Amaury de St Amand ; Atho, master, clerk of the legate; Bartholomew Peche ; Duncan, earl of Mar (d.1242×44); Fearchar, earl of Ross (d.1251); Gilbert de Umfraville (d.1245); Gilbert Marshal, earl of Pembroke; H. Painel ; Hugh de Vivonne ; John de Lacy, earl of Lincoln (d.1240); John du Plessis, earl of Warwick; John of Lexington ; John, son of Geoffrey; Máel Domnaig, earl of Lennox (d. by 1265); Malcolm, earl of Angus (d.1236×42); Patrick (II), earl of Dunbar (d.1248); Peter de Bordeaux, master; Peter de Mauley; Ralph de Tany; Ralph Neville, bishop of Chichester, chancellor (d.1244); Richard Gray ; Richard, earl of Cornwall and count of Poitou (d.1272); Richard, son of Hugh (13C); Robert of Roos (III) of Wark (d.c.1270); Robert, earl of Strathearn (1223-45); Roger Bertram (II) (d.1242); Roger de Quincy, earl of Winchester (d.1264); Simon de Montfort (d.1265); Stephen of Seagrave, knight (d.1241); Thomas Furnival; Unknown, earl of Atholl (Patrick?); W. de Say ; W. of Lancaster ; Walter de Cantilupe, bishop of Worcester (d.1265); Walter Gray, archbishop of York (d.1255); Walter Mauclerc, bishop of Carlisle; William de Ferrers, earl of Derby (d.1254); William de Forz, count of Aumale (d.1241); William Gernun ; William Longespée (d.1250); William of Bondington, bishop of Glasgow (d.1258); William of Roos of Hamelake (d.1264); William of Savoy, bishop of Valence (d.1239); William Warenne, earl of Surrey (d.1240) 4/1/2 (A-S Relations, no. 7)
10 May 1253 Inspection of confirmation of possessions of Durham Cathedral Priory named person (transaction) Boniface of Savoy (d.1273), archbishop of Canterbury; Fulk Basset, bishop of London (d.1259); John Gray of Ayton, mayor of Berwick; John Mansel, provost of Beverley Minster; Ralph, son of Nicholas; Richard, earl of Cornwall and count of Poitou (d.1272); Robert Grosseteste, bishop of Lincoln (d.1253); Roger (III) Bigod, earl of Norfolk (d.1270); Walter of Kirkham, bishop of Durham (d.1260); Walter Suffield, bishop of Norwich (d.1257); William of Bitton, bishop of Bath (d.1264); William of York, bishop of Salisbury (d.1256) 1/26/10 (TNA, C 53/44, m. 14)


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Date Short Summary Role Source
30 Oct. 1200 Fidelis (sworn man) of John, king of England (d.1216)(Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/25/2 (Arb. Lib., App., no. 2)
30 Oct. 1200 Fidelis (sworn man) of John, king of England (d.1216)(Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/25/2 (Arb. Lib., App., no. 2)
30 Oct. 1200 Fidelis (sworn man) of John, king of England (d.1216)(Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/25/2 (Arb. Lib., App., no. 2)
30 Oct. 1200 Fidelis (sworn man) of John, king of England (d.1216)(Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/25/2 (Arb. Lib., App., no. 2)
2 Feb. 1204 Father of John, king of England (d.1216) (Familial relationship) object (relationship) 1/25/3 (TNA, C 53/44, m. 14)
10 Apr. 1209 Fidelis (sworn man) of John, king of England (d.1216) (Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/25/6 (RLP, i, 91a)
10 Apr. 1209 Fidelis (sworn man) of John, king of England (d.1216) (Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/25/6 (RLP, i, 91a)
10 Apr. 1209 Fidelis (sworn man) of John, king of England (d.1216) (Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/25/6 (RLP, i, 91a)
10 Apr. 1209 Cognatus/consanguineus (kinsman/male cousin) of John, king of England (d.1216) (Familial relationship) object (relationship) 1/25/6 (RLP, i, 91a)
10 Apr. 1209 Fidelis (sworn man) of John, king of England (d.1216) (Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/25/6 (RLP, i, 91a)
10 Apr. 1209 Fidelis (sworn man) of John, king of England (d.1216) (Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/25/6 (RLP, i, 91a)
10 Apr. 1209 Fidelis (sworn man) of John, king of England (d.1216) (Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/25/6 (RLP, i, 91a)
10 Apr. 1209 Fidelis (sworn man) of John, king of England (d.1216) (Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/25/6 (RLP, i, 91a)
10 Apr. 1209 Fidelis (sworn man) of John, king of England (d.1216) (Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/25/6 (RLP, i, 91a)
7 Aug. 1209 Lord (dominus) of William I, king of Scots (d.1214) (Tenurial & lordship relationship) subject (relationship) 1/6/454 (RRS, ii, no. 488)
16 May 1212 Liege Man (homo ligius) of John, king of England (d.1216)(Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/15/6 (Chron. Man App., no. 7)
1218 X 1237 Lords (domini) of Robert de Muschamp, son of Robert de Muschamp (Tenurial & lordship relationship) subject (relationship) 3/429/3 (Melr. Lib., no. 305)
4 Jan. 1235 Father of Henry III, king of England (d.1272) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 2/140/63 (A-S Relations, no. 6)
Friday 25 Sept. 1237 Father of Henry III, king of England (d.1272) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 4/1/2 (A-S Relations, no. 7)
13 Oct. 1245 Son of John, king of England (d.1216) (Familial relationship) object (relationship) 4/40/1 (CDS, i, no. 1676)
10 May 1253 Father of Henry III, king of England (d.1272) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/26/10 (TNA, C 53/44, m. 14)
10 May 1253 Father of Henry III, king of England (d.1272) (Familial relationship) subject (relationship) 1/26/10 (TNA, C 53/44, m. 14)


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Date Short Summary Source
5 Dec. 1189 Dominus (Lord/Sir) 1/24/1 (A-S Relations, no. 2)
6 Jun. 1199 king of England 2/10/127 (SEA, i, no. 243)
6 Jun. 1199 Dominus (Lord/Sir) 2/10/127 (SEA, i, no. 243)
30 Oct. 1200 king of England 1/25/2 (Arb. Lib., App., no. 2)
30 Oct. 1200 lord of Ireland 1/25/2 (Arb. Lib., App., no. 2)
30 Oct. 1200 duke of Normandy 1/25/2 (Arb. Lib., App., no. 2)
30 Oct. 1200 duke of Aquitaine 1/25/2 (Arb. Lib., App., no. 2)
30 Oct. 1200 count of Anjou 1/25/2 (Arb. Lib., App., no. 2)
2 Feb. 1204 count of Anjou 1/25/3 (TNA, C 53/44, m. 14)
2 Feb. 1204 king of England 1/25/3 (TNA, C 53/44, m. 14)
2 Feb. 1204 lord of Ireland 1/25/3 (TNA, C 53/44, m. 14)
2 Feb. 1204 duke of Normandy 1/25/3 (TNA, C 53/44, m. 14)
2 Feb. 1204 duke of Aquitaine 1/25/3 (TNA, C 53/44, m. 14)
24 Jul. 1205 king 1/25/4 (RLC, i, 43b)
10 Apr. 1209 king 1/25/6 (RLP, i, 91a)
7 Aug. 1209 king of England 1/6/454 (RRS, ii, no. 488)
16 May 1212 king of England 1/15/6 (Chron. Man App., no. 7)
16 May 1212 Dominus (Lord/Sir) 1/15/6 (Chron. Man App., no. 7)
4 May 1213 king of England 3/589/3 (Melr. Lib., no. 168)
28 Oct. 1213 king of England 2/137/73 (Foedera, i, I, 116)
7 Jul. 1215 king of England 1/7/24 (RRS, iii, no. 24)
1218 X 1237 king of England 3/429/3 (Melr. Lib., no. 305)
1218 X 1237 Dominus (Lord/Sir) 3/429/3 (Melr. Lib., no. 305)
10 Nov. 1218 king of England 2/139/19 (Foedera, i, I, 157)
2 Aug. 1220 king of England 4/30/4 (Foedera, i, I, 157)
Friday 25 Sept. 1237 king 4/1/2 (A-S Relations, no. 7)
13 Oct. 1245 king 4/40/1 (CDS, i, no. 1676)
10 May 1253 Dominus (Lord/Sir) 1/26/10 (TNA, C 53/44, m. 14)
10 May 1253 king of England 1/26/10 (TNA, C 53/44, m. 14)


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Date Short Summary Role Source
1218 X 1237 Gift of land in Hethpool (Northumberland) Pro anima 3/429/3 (Melr. Lib., no. 305)

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Date Short Summary Source
5 December 1189 Quitclaim of castles of Roxburgh and Berwick (Quitclaim of Canterbury) 1/24/1 (A-S Relations, no. 2)