People of Medieval Scotland
1093 - 1371

David II, king of Scots (d. 1371)

Biography
David II (1324–1371), king of Scots, was the son of Robert I (1274-1329) and his second wife Elizabeth de Burgh (d.1327), daughter of Richard de Burgh, earl of Ulster. One of twins born in Dunfermline Abbey on 5 March 1324 (his brother John died before July 1326). David was married, at the age of four, on 17 July 1328 to Joan (1321-62) seven-year-old daughter of Edward II, king of England as a result of the Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton which sought to secure a lasting Anglo-Scottish peace. David succeeded to his father at the age of five on 7 June 1329. On 24 November 1331 he became the first Scottish king to be anointed and crowned, the papal concession of this right having been issued on 13 June 1329. In May 1334 David and his wife Joan were forced to flee to France in the face of Edward Balliol’s English backed campaigns within Scotland. David was maintained by Philippe VI at Château Gaillard in Normandy for seven years before returning to Scotland in June 1341. In October 1346, responding to pleas from his onetime patron Philippe VI, David launched an invasion of northern England. On 17 October at Neville’s Cross David’s army was routed with huge losses while the king himself was captured. David’s English captivity lasted for eleven years. Negotiations over David’s release raised the possibility of one of Edward III’s sons being accepted as heir to the kingdom of Scotland if David died childless. This plan was rejected by a Scottish parliament in 1352 and David eventually obtained his freedom in 1357 as a result of a more conventional ransom arrangement, the so-called treaty of Berwick, which required the payment of 100,000 merks over ten years. The Scots had difficulty in making these payments and by 1363 possible concessions over the succession to the Scottish throne were once again discussed and then rejected by a Scottish parliament in 1364. After his release David sought to secure his succession. The death of his estranged wife Joan in England in 1362 allowed him to marry Margaret Drummond, widow of Sir John Logie, in 1363. He divorced Margaret in 1369 and was planning a marriage to Agnes Dunbar, the sister of the earl of March, when he died on 22 February 1371 at Edinburgh Castle. He was buried in Holyrood Abbey. David produced no children, legitimate or illegitimate, and he was succeeded by his nephew Robert the Steward who became king as Robert II. https://doi-org.ezproxy.is.ed.ac.uk/10.1093/ref:odnb/3726
Floruits
1329 × 1371
Related Place
SCOTLAND

Total number of associated factoids: 2784

Listing items 1 to 50, page 1 of 23


Date Short Summary Role Witnesses Source
unavailable Forfeiture of Melfort (ARG) Lord (forfeiture) 1/54/68 (RRS, vi, no. 69)
unavailable Resignation of Glencarnie (INV) Beneficiary 1/54/333 (RRS, vi, no. 285)
unavailable Concession to perform recognition of Wester Lumsdaine (BWK) Grantor 1/54/412 (RRS, vi, no. 319)
unavailable Resignation of Clerkington (ELO) and Kilbrackmont (FIF) Beneficiary 1/54/301 (RRS, vi, no. 269)
unavailable Forfeiture of Crunzieton, Mollin, Raehills, Minnygap (DMF) Lord (forfeiture) 1/54/279 (RRS, vi, no. 251)
unavailable Forfeiture of John Raffles in Mouswald (DMF) Lord (forfeiture) 1/54/327 (RRS, vi, no. 282)
unavailable Resignation of barony of Glencairn (DMF) Beneficiary 1/54/719 (RMS, i, no. 362)
unavailable Resignation of barony of Inverarity (ANG) Beneficiary 1/54/691 (RMS, i, no. 315)
unavailable Confirmation of Farm (LAN) Grantor 1/54/576 (RRS, vi, no. 409)
unavailable Forfeiture of lands of Colin Campbell, knight (son of Niall) Lord (forfeiture) 1/54/176 (RRS, vi, no. 166)
unavailable Resignation of Upper Merchiston (MLO) Beneficiary 1/54/220 (RRS, vi, no. 204)
unavailable Forfeiture of lands of John son of Ewen in Argyll Lord (forfeiture) 1/54/197 (RRS, vi, no. 184)
unavailable Resignation of lands of Dalruscan and Robertmore (DMF) Beneficiary 1/54/119 (RRS, vi, no. 491)
unavailable Resignation of Cumnock (AYR), Blantyre (LAN), Glenken (KCB) and Mochrum (WIG) Beneficiary 1/54/570 (RMS, i, no. 291)
unavailable Resignation of earldom of Atholl (PER) Beneficiary 1/54/520 (RRS, vi, no. 372)
unavailable Grant of lands in BWK and ROX Grantor 1/54/248 (RMS, i, App. 1, no. 138)
unavailable Gift (assignation) of palace used in tournament at Aberdeen Grantor 1/54/44 (RRS, vi, no. 46)
unavailable Escheat of John de Vieuxpont in barony of Carriden (WLO) Lord (forfeiture) 1/54/212 (RMS, i, nos. 189, 232)
unavailable Forfeiture of lands of Andrew Murray of Tullibardine Lord (forfeiture) 1/55/6 (RRS, vi, no. 14)
unavailable Command to hold an inquest into third part of land of Calderside and Malcolmshiels (LAN) Addressor 1/54/553 (RRS, vi, no. 503)
unavailable Forfeiture of 8s annual rent from land in Edinburgh Lord (forfeiture) 1/54/182 (RRS, vi, no. 171)
unavailable Concession of great custom of burgh of Cupar (FIF) Grantor 1/54/150 (RRS, vi, no. 136)
unavailable Resignation of barony of Fingask (PER) Beneficiary 1/54/435 (RRS, vi, no. 336)
unavailable Resignation of offices of sheriff of Clackmannan and forester of Clackmannan forest Beneficiary 1/54/124 (RRS, vi, no. 492)
unavailable Resignation of widow's share in barony of Gorton (MLO) Beneficiary 1/54/34 (RMS, i, App. 1., no. 111)
unavailable Confirmation of relaxation of rent of Kerse (STL) Grantor 1/54/371 (RRS, vi, no. 298)
unavailable Forfeiture of lands in the barony of Lenzie (DNB) Lord (forfeiture) 1/54/169 (RRS, vi, no. 160)
unavailable Resignation of Strath Gartney and New and Old Parks of Stirling Beneficiary 1/54/565 (RRS, vi, no. 402)
unavailable Resignation of half of Kinfauns (PER) Beneficiary 1/54/6 (RRS, vi, no. 6)
unavailable Resignation of barony of Gorton (MLO) Beneficiary 1/54/39 (RRS, vi, no. 41)
unavailable Resignation of Crunzierton, Mollin, Raehills, and Minnygap (DMF) Beneficiary 1/54/278 (RRS, vi, no. 496)
unavailable Escheat of heirs of Henry of Ellame Lord (forfeiture) 1/54/349 (RMS, i, no. 137)
unavailable Grant of lands in Argyll Grantor 1/54/197 (RRS, vi, no. 184)
unavailable Renewal of thanage of Scone (PER) Grantor 1/54/26 (RRS, vi, no. 34)
unavailable Escheat of John son of Margaret Lord (forfeiture) 1/54/365 (RMS, i, no. 151)
unavailable Resignation of barony of Uras (KCD) Beneficiary 1/54/687 (RMS, i, no. 314)
unavailable Concession of 20 pounds from king's thanage of Cowie (KCD) Grantor 1/54/246 (RMS, i, App. 1, no. 139)
unavailable Grant of Ballandro, part of Peattie, third of demesne lands of Inverbervie (KCD) Grantor 1/54/554 (RRS, vi, no. 504)
unavailable Resignation of sherifdom of Cromarty (ROS) Beneficiary 1/54/217 (RRS, vi, no. 202)
unavailable Revocation of royal grant made to William de Colvele Grantor 1/54/248 (RMS, i, App. 1, no. 138)
unavailable Forfeiture of Rothiemay (BNF) Lord (forfeiture) 1/54/107 (RRS, vi, no. 99)
unavailable Escheat of Letham (ELO) Lord (forfeiture) 1/54/504 (RMS, i, no. 230)
unavailable Renewal of 5 stags from Selkirk forest Grantor 1/54/403 (RRS, vi, no. 312)
unavailable Resignation of half of Easter Craigie (WLO) Beneficiary 1/54/448 (RMS, i, no. 197)
unavailable Forfeiture of Duncan of Luss in Auchmar (STL) Lord (forfeiture) 1/54/541 (RMS, i, no. 278)
unavailable Gift of king's custom of port and regality of Arbroath (ANG) with right to cocket seal Grantor 1/54/136 (RRS, vi, no. 123)
unavailable Resignation of half of baronies of Tibbers and Morton (DMF) Beneficiary 1/54/361 (RMS, i, no. 149)
unavailable *Agreement between David, son of King Robert I, and Joan, sister of King Edward III Party 1 1/53/392 (RRS, v, no. 344)
unavailable Forfeiture of lands in barony of Lenzie (DNB) Lord (forfeiture) 1/54/302 (RRS, vi, no. 270)
unavailable Escheat of Adam of Hilton Lord (forfeiture) 1/54/349 (RMS, i, no. 137)


Listing items 1 to 50, page 1 of 20


Date Short Summary Role Source
8 Mar. Chaplain of King David II [Employment relationship] object (relationship) 1/54/552 (RRS, vi, no. 502)
8 Mar. Associate/companion of David II, king of Scots [Familial relationship] object (relationship) 1/54/552 (RRS, vi, no. 502)
16 Mar. Secretary of David II, king of Scots (d. 1371) [Employment relationship] object (relationship) 1/54/670 (RRS, vi, no. 510)
19 Apr. Cognatus/consanguineus (kinsman/male cousin) of David II, king of Scots (d. 1371) object (relationship) 1/54/683 (RMS, i, no, 359)
25 Jul. Father (progenitor) of David II, king of Scots (d. 1329) [Familial relationship] object (relationship) 1/54/628 (RRS, vi, no. 507)
10 Sept. Enemy of David II, king of Scots [d. 1371] object (relationship) 1/54/86 (RRS, vi, no. 81)
10 Sept. Nepos (nephew/grandson) of David II, king of Scots (d. 1371) [Familial Relationship] object (relationship) 1/54/86 (RRS, vi, no. 81)
10 Sept. Chancellor of David II, king of Scots (d. 1371) [Employment Relationship] object (relationship) 1/54/86 (RRS, vi, no. 81)
10 Sept. Chamberlain of David II, king of Scots (d. 1371) [Employment relationship] object (relationship) 1/54/86 (RRS, vi, no. 81)
17 Mar. 1328 Heir of Robert I [Bruce], king of Scots (d. 1329) [Tenurial & lordship relationship] subject (relationship) 1/53/390 (RRS, v, no. 342)
17 Mar. 1328 Son of Robert [Bruce], king of Scots (d. 1329) [Familial relationship] subject (relationship) 1/53/391 (RRS, v, no. 343)
17 Mar. 1328 Heir of Robert I [Bruce], king of Scots (d. 1329) [Tenurial & lordship relationship] subject (relationship) 1/53/391 (RRS, v, no. 343)
17 Mar. 1328 Son of Robert [Bruce], king of Scots (d. 1329) [Familial relationship] subject (relationship) 1/53/392 (RRS, v, no. 344)
17 Mar. 1328 Heir of Robert I [Bruce], king of Scots (d. 1329) [Tenurial & lordship relationship] subject (relationship) 1/53/392 (RRS, v, no. 344)
17 Mar. 1328 Son of Robert [Bruce], king of Scots (d. 1329) [Familial relationship] subject (relationship) 1/53/390 (RRS, v, no. 342)
11 May 1329 Son of Robert [Bruce], king of Scots (d. 1329) [Familial relationship] subject (relationship) 1/53/433 (RRS, v, no. 380)
6 Feb. 1331 Chancellor of David II, king of Scots (d. 1371) [Employment Relationship] object (relationship) 1/54/5 (RRS, vi, no. 5)
6 Feb. 1331 Cognatus/consanguineus (kinsman/male cousin) of David II, king of Scots (d. 1371) [Familial relationship] object (relationship) 1/54/5 (RRS, vi, no. 5)
6 Feb. 1331 Father (genitor) of David II, king of Scots (d. 1329) [Familial relationship] subject (relationship) 1/54/5 (RRS, vi, no. 5)
1 Mar. 1331 Chancellor of David II, king of Scots (d. 1371) [Employment Relationship] object (relationship) 1/54/6 (RRS, vi, no. 6)
1 Mar. 1331 Cognatus/consanguineus (kinsman/male cousin) of David II, king of Scots (d. 1371) [Familial relationship] object (relationship) 1/54/6 (RRS, vi, no. 6)
1 Mar. 1331 Father (genitor) of David II, king of Scots (d. 1329) [Familial relationship] object (relationship) 1/54/6 (RRS, vi, no. 6)
21 Mar. 1331 Chancellor of David II, king of Scots (d. 1371) [Employment Relationship] object (relationship) 1/54/7 (RRS, vi, no. 7)
21 Mar. 1331 Justiciar of David II, king of Scots (d. 1329) [Employment relationship] object (relationship) 1/54/7 (RRS, vi, no. 7)
after Sept. 1331 Brother of David II, king of Scots (d. 1371) [Familial relationship] object (relationship) 1/54/9 (RRS, vi, no. 481)
29 Nov. 1331 Chancellor of David II, king of Scots (d. 1371) [Employment Relationship] object (relationship) 1/54/10 (RRS, vi, no. 8)
29 Nov. 1331 Cognatus/consanguineus (kinsman/male cousin) of David II, king of Scots (d. 1371) [Familial relationship] object (relationship) 1/54/10 (RRS, vi, no. 8)
10 Mar. 1332 Cognatus/consanguineus (kinsman/male cousin) of David II, king of Scots (d. 1371) [Familial relationship] object (relationship) 1/54/11 (RRS, vi, no. 10)
10 Mar. 1332 Chancellor of David II, king of Scots (d. 1371) [Employment Relationship] object (relationship) 1/54/11 (RRS, vi, no. 10)
16 Apr. 1335 Lieutenant of David II, king of Scots (d. 1371) [Employment relationship] object (relationship) 1/55/3 (RRS, vi, no. 11)
17 May 1335 Lieutenant of David II, king of Scots (d. 1371) [Employment relationship] object (relationship) 1/55/4 (RRS, vi, no. 12)
27 May 1335 Lieutenant of David II, king of Scots (d. 1371) [Employment relationship] object (relationship) 1/55/5 (RRS, vi, no. 13)
4 Dec. 1335 Lieutenant of David II, king of Scots (d. 1371) [Employment relationship] object (relationship) 1/55/6 (RRS, vi, no. 14)
21 Jul. 1339 Lieutenant of David II, king of Scots (d. 1371) [Employment relationship] object (relationship) 1/55/7 (RRS, vi, no. 16)
24 Oct. 1339 Lieutenant of David II, king of Scots (d. 1371) [Employment relationship] object (relationship) 1/55/8 (RRS, vi, no. 17)
8 May 1340 Lieutenant of David II, king of Scots (d. 1371) [Employment relationship] object (relationship) 1/54/13 (RRS, vi, no. 18)
8 May 1340 Cognatus/consanguineus (kinsman/male cousin) of David II, king of Scots (d. 1371) [Familial relationship] object (relationship) 1/54/13 (RRS, vi, no. 18)
8 May 1340 Chancellor of David II, king of Scots (d. 1371) [Employment Relationship] object (relationship) 1/54/13 (RRS, vi, no. 18)
circa 1341 Lieutenant of David II, king of Scots (d. 1371) [Employment relationship] object (relationship) 1/54/34 (RMS, i, App. 1., no. 111)
circa 1341 Nepos (nephew/grandson) of David II, king of Scots (d. 1371) [Familial Relationship] object (relationship) 1/54/34 (RMS, i, App. 1., no. 111)
circa 1341 Enemy of David II, king of Scots [d. 1371] object (relationship) 1/54/36 (RMS, i, App. 1., no. 113)
circa 1341 Foster-father (alumnus) of David II, king of Scots (d. 1371) [Familial relationship] object (relationship) 1/54/35 (RMS, i, App. 1., no. 112)
circa 1341 Cognatus/consanguineus (kinsman/male cousin) of David II, king of Scots (d. 1371) [Familial relationship] object (relationship) 1/54/37 (RMS, i, App. 1., no. 114)
18 Jun. 1341 Father of David II, king of Scots (d. 1329) [Familial relationship] subject (relationship) 1/54/19 (RRS, vi, no. 28)
18 Jun. 1341 Father of David II, king of Scots (d. 1329) [Familial relationship] object (relationship) 1/54/20 (RRS, vi, no. 29)
20 Jun. 1341 Chancellor of David II, king of Scots (d. 1371) [Employment Relationship] object (relationship) 1/54/21 (RRS, vi, no. 30)
20 Jun. 1341 Nepos (nephew/grandson) of David II, king of Scots (d. 1371) [Familial Relationship] object (relationship) 1/54/21 (RRS, vi, no. 30)
22 Jun., 1341 X 1344 Marischal of David II, king of Scots (d. 1371) [Employment Relationship] object (relationship) 1/54/22 (RRS, vi, no. 483)
22 Jun., 1341 X 1344 Chancellor of David II, king of Scots (d. 1371) [Employment Relationship] object (relationship) 1/54/22 (RRS, vi, no. 483)
18 Jul. 1341 Chancellor of David II, king of Scots (d. 1371) [Employment Relationship] object (relationship) 1/54/23 (RRS, vi, no. 31)


Listing items 1 to 50, page 1 of 14


Date Short Summary Source
unavailable king of Scots 1/54/553 (RRS, vi, no. 503)
19 Apr. king of Scots 1/54/683 (RMS, i, no, 359)
8 May king of Scots 1/54/697 (RMS, i, no. 352)
25 Jul. king of Scots 1/54/628 (RRS, vi, no. 507)
10 Sept. king of Scots 1/54/86 (RRS, vi, no. 81)
10 Sept. lord of Annandale 1/54/86 (RRS, vi, no. 81)
7 Jun. 1329 X 22 Feb. 1371 king of Scots 1/54/726 (RRS, vi, no. 513)
7 Jun. 1329 X 22 Feb. 1371 lord of Annandale 1/54/726 (RRS, vi, no. 513)
7 Jun. 1329 X 22 Feb. 1371 king of Scots 1/54/725 (RRS, vi, no. 512)
5 Jan. 1330 king of Scots 1/54/1 (RRS, vi, no. 1)
28 Mar. 1330 king of Scots 1/54/2 (RRS, vi, no. 2)
1 Apr. 1330 king of Scots 1/54/3 (RRS, vi, no. 3)
2 Feb. 1331 king of Scots 1/54/4 (RRS, vi, no. 4)
6 Feb. 1331 king of Scots 1/54/5 (RRS, vi, no. 5)
1 Mar. 1331 king of Scots 1/54/6 (RRS, vi, no. 6)
21 Mar. 1331 king of Scots 1/54/7 (RRS, vi, no. 7)
after Sept. 1331 king of Scots 1/54/9 (RRS, vi, no. 481)
before 20 Sept. 1331 king of Scots 1/54/8 (RRS, vi, no. 480)
29 Nov. 1331 king of Scots 1/54/10 (RRS, vi, no. 8)
10 Mar. 1332 king of Scots 1/54/11 (RRS, vi, no. 10)
30 Jun. 1333 X 31 May 1334 king of Scots 1/54/12 (RRS, vi, no. 482)
16 Apr. 1335 king of Scots 1/55/3 (RRS, vi, no. 11)
16 Apr. 1335 Dominus (Seigneur - Lord - Sir) 1/55/3 (RRS, vi, no. 11)
17 May 1335 king of Scots 1/55/4 (RRS, vi, no. 12)
17 May 1335 Dominus (Seigneur - Lord - Sir) 1/55/4 (RRS, vi, no. 12)
27 May 1335 king of Scots 1/55/5 (RRS, vi, no. 13)
27 May 1335 Dominus (Seigneur - Lord - Sir) 1/55/5 (RRS, vi, no. 13)
4 Dec. 1335 king of Scots 1/55/6 (RRS, vi, no. 14)
4 Dec. 1335 Dominus (Seigneur - Lord - Sir) 1/55/6 (RRS, vi, no. 14)
21 Jul. 1339 king of Scots 1/55/7 (RRS, vi, no. 16)
21 Jul. 1339 Dominus (Seigneur - Lord - Sir) 1/55/7 (RRS, vi, no. 16)
24 Oct. 1339 Dominus (Seigneur - Lord - Sir) 1/55/8 (RRS, vi, no. 17)
24 Oct. 1339 king of Scots 1/55/8 (RRS, vi, no. 17)
8 May 1340 king of Scots 1/54/13 (RRS, vi, no. 18)
28 Jun. 1340 king of Scots 1/54/14 (RRS, vi, no. 19)
circa 1341 king of Scots 1/54/36 (RMS, i, App. 1., no. 113)
circa 1341 king of Scots 1/54/35 (RMS, i, App. 1., no. 112)
circa 1341 king of Scots 1/54/34 (RMS, i, App. 1., no. 111)
17 May 1341 king of Scots 1/54/15 (RRS, vi, no. 22)
17 Jun. 1341 king of Scots 1/54/16 (RRS, vi, no. 25)
18 Jun. 1341 king of Scots 1/54/17 (RRS, vi, no. 26)
18 Jun. 1341 king of Scots 1/54/18 (RRS, vi, no. 27)
18 Jun. 1341 king of Scots 1/54/19 (RRS, vi, no. 28)
18 Jun. 1341 king of Scots 1/54/20 (RRS, vi, no. 29)
20 Jun. 1341 king 1/54/21 (RRS, vi, no. 30)
22 Jun., 1341 X 1344 king of Scots 1/54/22 (RRS, vi, no. 483)
18 Jul. 1341 king of Scots 1/54/23 (RRS, vi, no. 31)
11 Aug. 1341 king of Scots 1/54/24 (RRS, vi, no. 32)
17 Sept. 1341 king of Scots 1/54/26 (RRS, vi, no. 34)
17 Sept. 1341 king of Scots 1/54/25 (RRS, vi, no. 33)


Listing items 1 to 1, page 1 of 1

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Date Short Summary Role Source
18 Sept., 1341 X 1343 The Hill (WLO) Lord (possession) 1/54/38 (RRS, vi, no. 489)